Since the publication of the first edition of The Medical Care of Terminally Ill Patients, the field of palliative care has progressed significantly, both socially and scientifically. In this new edition, Dr. Robert Enck reviews the results of clinical studies devoted to the care of dying patients. Special attention is given to pain management, management of symptoms, care of advanced cancer patients, and care of patients with nonmalignant diseases. More than 100 new references, a new list of abbreviations, and tables with new drugs and dosages provides valuable information.
Dr. Enck places great emphasis on enhancing the quality of life while addressing the most common symptoms of terminal illness.
Robert E. Enck, M.D., is a clinical associate professor in the Department of Medicine at The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and editor-in-chief of the American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care.
Contents: Preface to the Second Edition List of Abbreviations 1. The Prognostication of Survival Cancer Dementia Motor Neuron Disease Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Central Nervous System Anoxia Advanced Pulmonary Disease Heart Disease Summary I. The Management of Symptoms Common Among Dying Patients 2. General Symtoms of Dying Patients Pain Gastrointestinal Symptoms Nausea and Vomiting Anorexia and Cachexia nutritional Probllmes Hydration Constipation Central Nervous System Symptoms Delirium Depression Systemic Symptoms Dyspnea Urinary Incontinence Pressure Sores Summary 3. Other Problems of Patients with Cancer Malignant Intestinal Obstruction Malignant Dysphagia Neuromuscular Dysfunction Malignant Ulceration Summary 4. Other Problems of Patients with Nonmalignant Diseases Dementia Motor Neuron Disease Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrom (AIDS) Chronic Vegetative State Advanced Pulmonary Disease Heart Disease Summary 5. Palliative Surgery Principles of Preoperative Care Principles of Operating for Advanced Cancer Principles of Postoperative Care Indications for Surgery Summary II. The Management of Pain 6. An Overview of Pain Management Principles of Pain Management The Ladder Approach Managing the Complications of Pain Treatment Summary 7. Opioids Oral Morphine Parenteral Opioids Alternative Routes of Administration Summary 8. Adjuvant Analgesic Drugs Anticonvulsants Phenothiazines Antidepressants Antihistamines Steroids Antibiotics Amphetamines Butyrophenones Summary 9. Complications of Pharmacologic Therapy Opioids Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs Summary 10. Bone Pain Pathopysiolgoy Radiation Therapy Pharmacotherapy Summary References Index 11. Surgery and Other Nonpharmacologic Interventions to Manage PainSurgery Acupuncture Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Relaxation Techniqu eComplimentary/Alternative Medicine Summary III. The Management of Symptoms During the Last Few Days 12. The Final Moments Terminal Symptoms and Their Managment Drug-Induced Terminal Sedation Summary 13. Issues Concerning the Sustaining of Life Do Not Resuscitate Advance Directives Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasi aSummary References Index