Using an innovative approach to evidence for the medieval hospital and medical practice, this collection of essays presents new research by leading international scholars in creating a holistic look at the hospital as an environment within a social and intellectual context. The research presented creates insights into practice, medicines, administration, foundation, regulation, patronage, theory, and spirituality. Looking at differing models of hospital administration between 13th century France and Spain, social context is explored. Seen from the perspective of the history of Knights of the Order of Saint Lazarus, and Order of the Temple, hospital and practice have a different emphasis. Extant medieval hospitals at Tonnerre and Winchester become the basis for exploring form and function in relation to health theory (spiritual and non-spiritual) as well as the influence of patronage and social context. In the case of the Ospedale Maggiore in Milan, this line of argument is taken further to demonstrate aspects of the building based on a concept of epidemiology. Evidence for the practice of medicine presented in these essays comes from a variety of sources and approaches such as remedy books, medical texts, recorded practice, and by making parallels with folk medicine. Archaeological evidence indicates both religious and non religious medical intervention while skeletal remains reveal both pathology and evidence of treatment.
Barbara S. Bowers received her PhD in 2002 from Ohio State University and is currently Secretary of AVISTA.
Contents: Preface, Barbara S. Bowers. Part I On Doing Medieval Medical Research: Research procedures in evaluating medieval medicine, John M. Riddle; The archives and library of the Sacre Infermeria, Malta, Theresa M. Vann; Historical research developments on leprosy in France and in Western Europe, Bruno Tabuteau. Part II Physical Evidence: Archaeology and Architecture Technology: Excavations at St Mary Spital: burial of the 'sick poore' of medieval London, the evidence of illness and hospital treatment, William White; Material culture of care for the sick: some excavated evidence from English medieval hospitals and other sites, Geoff Egan; The hospital of Notre-Dame des Fontenilles at Tonnerre: medicine as Misericordia, Lynn T. Courtenay; Function and epidemiology in Filarete's Ospedale Maggiore, Renzo Baldasso. Part III New Approaches to Written Sources: Religion and discipline in the hospitals of 13th-century France, James W. Brodman; A non-natural environment: medicine without doctors and the medieval European hospital, Peregrine Horden; Byzantine hospital manuals (iatrosophia) as a source for the study of therapeutics, Alain Touwaide; Medieval monastic customaries on minuti and infirmi, M.K.K. Yearl; Challenging the 'eye of newt' image of medieval medicine, Anne Van Arsdall. Part IV The Monastic Connection: De domo sancti lazari milites leprosi: knighthood and leprosy in the Holy Land, RafaA"l Hyacinthe; The infirmaries of the Order of the Temple in the medieval kingdom of Jerusalem, Piers D. Mitchell; The Benedictine rule and the care of the sick: the plan of St Gall and Anglo-Saxon England, Maria A. D'Aronco. Index.