An account focusing on the encounters between the Maori and Pakeha-or European settlers-and the process of mutual discovery from 1642 to around 1840, this New Zealand history book argues that both groups inhabited a middle ground in which neither could dictate the political, economic, or cultural rules of engagement. By looking at economic, religious, political, and sexual encounters, it offers a strikingly different picture to traditional accounts of imperial Pakeha power over a static, resistant Maori society. With fresh insights, this book examines why mostly beneficial interactions between these two cultures began to merge and the reasons for their subsequent demise after 1840.
Vincent O'Malley is a Pakeha New Zealander, the author of Agents of Autonomy: Maori Committees in the Nineteenth Century,and the coauthor of The Beating Heart: A Political and Socio-Economic History of Te Arawa. He is also the a coeditor of The Treaty of Waitangi Companion: Maori and Pakeha from Tasman to Today.
Table of Contents -- Acknowledgements -- List of Abbreviations -- 1. Introduction -- 2. First Encounters -- 2.1 Becoming Maori, becoming Pakeha -- 2.2 Before the middle ground - Tasman and the time of mutual incomprehension -- 2.3 Cross-cultural travels: Cook, Banks and Tupaia in Aotearoa -- 2.4 The French connection: Jean-Francois Marie de Surville in Tai Tokerau -- 2.5 The tribe of Marion': Marion du Fresne's bloody encounter -- 3. Strangers Landing in Strange Lands -- 3.1 Kawana Kingi and the Norfolk Island connection -- 3.2 A native abroad: Savage and Moehanga -- 3.3 A tragic liaison: George Bruce and Atahoe -- 3.4 Deepsea whalers and Maori -- 3.5 Clashing cultures: the burning of the Boyd -- 3.6 A regal visit: Hongi Hika in London and the aftermath -- 3.7 Kupe's journe -- 4. On the Middle Ground: Maori and Pakeha, c. 1814-1840 -- 4.1 Importing missionaries: Ruatara and Marsden -- 4.2 The missionary challenge -- 4.3 Saving souls abroad: Tuai and Titere in England -- 4.4 Southern sealers and whalers -- 4.5 Middle New Zealand: early interactions in the Cook Strait region and further north -- 4.6 Jumping ship: further European settlement in the north -- 4.7 Learning to get along with one another: the nature of Maori and Pakeha relationships before 1840 -- 5. Trading Relationships: The Commercial Frontier -- 5.1 Commerce and gift exchange -- 5.2 Trade and agriculture -- 5.3 Selling services -- 5.4 New wants and needs -- 5.5 Ownership and use rights -- 5.6 'Tuku whenua' and land dealings -- 6. Sex on the Frontier -- 6.1 Sex and sailors -- 6.2 The sexual politics of the frontier -- 7. Subverting Conversion? Religious Encounters -- 7.1 Understanding Maori 'conversion' -- 7.2 A unique form of Christianity? -- 7.3 Tapu and other customs -- 8. The Political World of Aotearoa before 1840 -- 8.1 The evolving role of rangatira in the pre-Waitangi era -- 8.2 Taua muru -- 8.3 Runanga and komiti -- 8.4 A dying people? 9. The Impact of Cultural Encounter on the New Zealand Frontier -- 10. The End of the Middle Ground, c. 1840-1860 -- Notes -- Bibliography.