This is an updated look at the function of biblical genealogies, and the relationship between "Matthew" 1 and 28. Why does Matthew append 'and his brothers' to Judah and Jechoniah (1:2, 11)? Secondly, why does Matthew include the following four annotations: 'and Zerah by Tamar', 'by Rahab', 'by Ruth', and 'by the [wife] of Uriah' (1:3-6)? Jason B. Hood uses a composition critical approach in which he examines biblical genealogies and 'summaries of Israel's story' in order to shed light on these features of "Matthew's" gospel. Hood asserts that he addition of 'and his brothers' recalls Jesus' royal role. Judah and Jechoniah in Second Temple literature are both understood to have reversed their wickedness and earned royal status by self-sacrifice, perhaps pointing to the self-sacrifice of Jesus for his brothers before his full enthronement. A review of scholarly explanations of the significance of the 'four (five) women' in the genealogy, unearths an overlooked interpretation - Matthew does not name four women in 1:3-6 but four Gentiles (Tamar, Rahab, Ruth and Uriah) traditionally celebrated as righteous.
It was formerly the "Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement", a book series that explores the many aspects of New Testament study including historical perspectives, social-scientific and literary theory, and theological, cultural and contextual approaches. "The Early Christianity in Context" series, a part of "JSNTS", examines the birth and development of early Christianity up to the end of the third century CE. The series places Christianity in its social, cultural, political and economic context. "European Seminar on Christian Origins" and "Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus Supplement" are also part of "JSNTS".
Jason B. Hood, is Scholar-in-Residence at Christ United Methodist Church, Memphis, TN. His published works have appeared in a variety of academic texts and journals, including the Journal of Biblical Literature.
Introduction: Problem and Method; Compositional Categories: Biblical Genealogies and Summaries of Israel's Story; The King 'and his brothers': Matthew 1:2, 11; The Women in the Genealogy; Four Praiseworthy Non-Jews; Beginning and Ending; Conclusion: Summary, Contribution, and Points for Further Research.