The Methodists and Revolutionary America, 1760-1800: The Shaping of an Evangelical Culture

The Methodists and Revolutionary America, 1760-1800: The Shaping of an Evangelical Culture

By: Dee E. Andrews (author)Paperback

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The Methodists and Revolutionary America is the first in-depth narrative of the origins of American Methodism, one of the most significant popular movements in American history. Placing Methodism's rise in the ideological context of the American Revolution and the complex social setting of the greater Middle Atlantic where it was first introduced, Dee Andrews argues that this new religion provided an alternative to the exclusionary politics of Revolutionary America. With its call to missionary preaching, its enthusiastic revivals, and its prolific religious societies, Methodism competed with republicanism for a place at the center of American culture. Based on rare archival sources and a wealth of Wesleyan literature, this book examines all aspects of the early movement. From Methodism's Wesleyan beginnings to the prominence of women in local societies, the construction of African Methodism, the diverse social profile of Methodist men, and contests over the movement's future, Andrews charts Methodism's metamorphosis from a British missionary organization to a fully Americanized church. Weaving together narrative and analysis, Andrews explains Methodism's extraordinary popular appeal in rich and compelling new detail.

About Author

Dee E. Andrews is Associate Professor of History at California State University, Hayward, and co-convener of the Bay Area Seminar in Early American History and Culture.


LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS ix PREFACE xi INTRODUCTION How American Was Early American Methodism? 3 PART 1: ORIGINS 11 CHAPTER ONE Raising Religious Affections 13 The Anglican Societies, the Wesleys, and Georgia 13 The Invention of Wesleyan Methodism 19 Wesley versus Whitefield 24 Wesleyan Migration to British America 31 CHAPTER TWO The Wesleyan Connection 39 The Wesleyan Itinerants in America 40 The Coming of the War 47 American Methodists and the War Experience 55 Postwar Conditions, Separation, and the MEC 62 CHAPTER THREE The Making of a Methodist 73 The Revival Ritual 76 Religious Experience 84 The Methodist Society 92 PART II SOCIAL CHANGE 97 CHAPTER FOUR Evangelical Sisters 99 The Female Methodist Network 100 Methodism and Family Conflict 105 Women in the City Societies 112 Gender Public Authority, and the Household 118 CHAPTER FIVE The African Methodists 123 The First Emancipation and Methodist Antislavery 124 Black Methodists and Social Experience 132 Richard Allen, Black Preachers, and the Rise of African Methodism 139 Separation and African Methodist Identity 150 CHAPTER SIX Laboring Men, Artisans, and Entrepreneurs 155 Wesleyanism, Wealth, and Social Class 156 New York City: Workingman's Church 161 Philadelphia: Anatomy of a Methodist Schism 168 Baltimore: New Men 177 PART III: POLITICS 185 CHAPTER SEVEN Methodism Politicized 187 Politics Without: Church, State, and Partisanship 188 Politics Within: Francis Asbury, James O'Kelly, and the MEC 196 The Circuit Riders 207 CHAPTER EIGHT The Great Revival and Beyond 221 1800 and the Coming of the Great Revival 223 Muscularity, Domesticity, and Disunion 226 The Meaning of Methodism Americanized 237 CONCLUSION A Plain Gospel for a Plain People 240 APPENDIXES 245 A. Tables 247 B. Occupational Categories for Tables 11-14 255 C. Methodological Note 257 D. Methodist Statistics 259 ABBREVIATIONS 263 NOTES 265 INDEX 351

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780691092980
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 384
  • ID: 9780691092980
  • weight: 567
  • ISBN10: 0691092982
  • translations: English
  • language of text: English

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