The Mexico Reader: History, Culture, Politics (The Latin America Readers)

The Mexico Reader: History, Culture, Politics (The Latin America Readers)

By: Timothy J. Henderson (editor), Gilbert M. Joseph (editor)Hardback

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Description

The Mexico Reader is a vivid introduction to muchos Mexicos-the many Mexicos, or the many varied histories and cultures that comprise contemporary Mexico. Unparalleled in scope and written for the traveler, student, and expert alike, the collection offers a comprehensive guide to the history and culture of Mexico-including its difficult, uneven modernization; the ways the country has been profoundly shaped not only by Mexicans but also by those outside its borders; and the extraordinary economic, political, and ideological power of the Roman Catholic Church. The book looks at what underlies the chronic instability, violence, and economic turmoil that have characterized periods of Mexico's history while it also celebrates the country's rich cultural heritage.A diverse collection of more than eighty selections, The Mexico Reader brings together poetry, folklore, fiction, polemics, photoessays, songs, political cartoons, memoirs, satire, and scholarly writing. Many pieces are by Mexicans, and a substantial number appear for the first time in English. Works by Octavio Paz and Carlos Fuentes are included along with pieces about such well-known figures as the larger-than-life revolutionary leaders Pancho Villa and Emiliano Zapata; there is also a comminique from a more recent rebel, Subcomandante Marcos. At the same time, the book highlights the perspectives of many others-indigenous peoples, women, politicians, patriots, artists, soldiers, rebels, priests, workers, peasants, foreign diplomats, and travelers. The Mexico Reader explores what it means to be Mexican, tracing the history of Mexico from pre-Columbian times through the country's epic revolution (1910-17) to the present day. The materials relating to the latter half of the twentieth century focus on the contradictions and costs of postrevolutionary modernization, the rise of civil society, and the dynamic cross-cultural zone marked by the two thousand-mile Mexico-U.S. border. The editors have divided the book into several sections organized roughly in chronological order and have provided brief historical contexts for each section. They have also furnished a lengthy list of resources about Mexico, including websites and suggestions for further reading.

About Author

Gilbert M. Joseph is Farnam Professor of History and Director of Latin American and Iberian Studies at Yale University. He is coeditor of Everyday Forms of State Formation: Revolution and the Negotiation of Rule in Modern Mexico and Close Encounters of Empire: Writing the Cultural History of U.S.-Latin American Relations (both published by Duke University Press). Timothy J. Henderson is Associate Professor of History at Auburn University Montgomery. He is the author of The Worm in the Wheat: Rosalie Evans and Agrarian Struggle in the Puebla-Tlaxcala Valley of Mexico, 1908-1927 (also published by Duke University Press).

Contents

Acknowledgments xi A Note on Style xiii Introduction 1 I The Search for "Lo Mexicano" Introduction 9 The Mexican Character / Joel Poinsett 11 The Cosmic Race / Jose Vasconcelos 15 The Sons of La Malinche / Octavio Paz 20 The Problem of National Culture / Guillermo Bonfil Batalla 28 Does It Mean Anything to Be Mexican? / Roger Bartra 33 Mexico City 1992 / Alma Guillermoprieto 41 Two Ranchera Songs / Jose Alfredo Jimenez and Cuco Sanchez 53 II Ancient Civilizations Introduction 55 The Origins of the Aztecs / Anonymous 57 The Cost of Courage in Aztec Society / Inga Clendinnen 61 Popol Vuh / Anonymous 79 The Meaning of Maize for the Maya / J. Eric Thompson 86 Omens Foretelling the Conquest / Anonymous 92 III Conquest and Colony Inroduction 95 The Spaniards' Entry into Tenochtitlan / Bernal Diaz del Castillo and Hernan Cortes 97 Cortes and Montezuma / J.H. Eliott 105 The Battles of Tenochtitlan and Tlateloclo / Anonymous 109 The Spiritual Conquest, Fray Jeronimo de Mendieta 114 Why the Indians Are Dying / Alonso de Zorita 122 The Colonial Latifundio / Enrique Florescano 131 A Baroque Archbishop-Viceroy / Irving Leonard 141 On Men's Hypocrisy / Sor Juana 156 The Itching Parrot, the Priest, and the Subdelegate / Jose Joaquin Fernandez de Lizardi 160 IV Trials of the Young Republic Introduction 169 The Siege of Guanajuato / Lucas Alaman 171 Sentiments of the Nation / Jose Maria Morelos 189 Plan of Iguala / Agustin de Iturbide 192 Women and War in Mexico / Frances Calderon de la Barca 196 The Glorious Revolution of 1844 / Guillermo Prieto 206 Decimas Dedicated to Santa Anna's Leg / Anonymous 213 War and Finance, Mexican Style / Juan Bautista Morales 217 A Conservative Procession of Faith / The Editors of El Tiempo 220 Considerations Relating to the Political and Social Situation / Mariana Otero 226 Liberals and the Land / Luis Gonzales y Gonzales 239 Standard Plots and Rural Resistance / Raymond B. Craib 252 Offer to the Crown to Maximilian / Junta of Conservative Notables 263 A Letter from Mexico / Empress Carlotta 265 The Triumph of the Republic / Benito Juarez 270 Pofirio Diaz Visits Yucatan / Channing Arnold and Frederick J. Tabor Frost 273 Scenes from a Lumber Camp / B. Traven 279 President Diaz, Hero of the Americas / James Creelman 285 Gift of the Skeletons / Anonymous 292 Special Section Mexican History in Photographs / John Mraz 297 V Revolution Introduction 333 Land and Liberty / Ricardo Flores Magon 339 The Restoration of the Ejido / Luis Cabrera 344 Zapatistas in the Palace / Martin Luis Guzman 351 Mexico Has Been Turned into a Hell / William O. Jenkins 357 Pancho Villa / John Reed 364 La Punitiva / Anonymous 372 Pedro Martinez / Oscar Lewis 375 Juan the Chamula / Ricardo Pozas 387 The Constitution of 1917: Articles 27 and 123 398 An Agrarian Encounter / Rosalie Evans 403 Ode to Cuanhtemoc / Carlos Pellicer 406 The Socialist ABC's / Anonymous 411 The Ballad of Valentin of the Sierra / Anonymous 418 Mexico Must Become a Nation of Institutions and Laws / Plutarco Elias Calles 421 The Formation of the Single-Party state / Carlos Fuentes 426 The Rough and Tumble Career of Pedro Crespo / Gilbert M. Joseph and Allen Wells 428 A Convention in Zacapu / Salvador Lemus Fernandez 439 The Agrarian Reform in La Laguna / Fernando Benitez 445 The Oil Expropriation / Josephus Daniels 452 Cardenas and the Masses / Arturo Anguiano 456 VI The Perils of Modernity Introduction 461 They Gave Us the Land / Juan Rulfo 465 Mexico's Crisis / Daniel Cosio Villegas 470 Struggles of a Campesino Leader / Ruben Jaramillo 482 Art and Corruption / David Alfaro Siqueiros 492 The Two faces of Acapulco during the Golden Age / Andrew Sackett 500 Mexico / Sid Tepper and Roy C. Bennett 511 The Dark Deeds of "El Negro" Durazo / Jose Gonzalez G. 512 The Sinking City / Joel Simon 520 Ciudad Nezahualcoyotl / Roberto Vallarino 536 Modesta Gomez / Rosario Castellanos 545 VII From the Ruins Introduction 553 The Student Movement of 1968 / Elena Poniatowska 555 El Santo's Strange Career / Anne Rubenstein 570 After the Earthquake / Victims' Coordinating Council 579 Letters to Cuauhtemoc Cardenas / Anonymous 591 Corazon del Rocanrol / Ruben Martinez 598 I Don't Believe Them at All / Maldita Vecindad y los Hijos del Quinto Patio 612 The COCEI of Juchitan, Oaxaca: Two Documents / Leopoldo de Gyves de la Cruz and COCEI 619 Women of Juchitan / Jeffrey W. Rubin 625 EZLN Demands at the Dialogue Table / Zapatista Army of National Liberation 638 The Long Journey from Despair to Hope / Subcomandante Marcos 646 A Tzotzil Chronicle / Marian Peres Tsu 655 Debtors' Revenge / Heather Williams 670 Mexicans Would Not Be Bought, Coerced / Wayne A. Cornelius 684 VIII The Border and Beyond Introduction 687 Plan of San Diego / Anonymous 689 The Mexican Connection / Rudolfo Acuna 692 The Maquiladoras / William Langewiesche 698 Dompe Days / Luis Alberto Urrea 708 Pedro P., Coyote / Judith Adler Hellman 717 There's a Party Going On in Texas / Anonymous 728 Two Poems about Immigrant Life / Pat Mora and Gina Valdes 731 The Deadly Harvest of the Sierra Madre / Alan Weisman 734 Two Songs about Drug Smuggling / Salome Guiterrez and Paulino Vargas 747 The New World Border / Guillermo Gomez-Pena 750 Suggestions for Further Reading 757 Acknowledgment of Copyrights 763 Index 773

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780822330066
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 808
  • ID: 9780822330066
  • ISBN10: 0822330067

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