The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts comprises essays that discuss aspects of war and other conflicts in the light of both nonconsequentialist ethical theory and the views of such theorists as Barbara Herman, Jeff McMahan, Avishai Margalit, and Michael Walzer. The first essay deals with the relation between states of affairs whose termination justifies war and states of affairs that once achieved should put an end to war. The
next few essays deal with conduct in war. They first consider the implications of general moral principles (including the Doctrine of Double Effect and Principle of Permissible Harm) for the permissibility of harm to combatants and noncombatants, and then whether factors unique to war should alter what is
permissible. In particular, if the context of war should affect the relative violability of different combatants and different noncombatants, if terror killing combatants and/or noncombatants should ever be permissible, and if there is liability to harm in virtue of belonging to a group. The fifth essay examines how recent discussions by nonconsequentialists about redirection of threats (as in the famous Trolley Problem) may illuminate the moral status of collaboration that took place with
Nazis during the Holocaust. What justice requires after conflict and how our ability to provide it affects the permissibility of starting war, is the next topic. Truth and reconciliation commissions and retribution post-conflict are discussed, and whether harm to civilians stemming from such procedures
(and how the harm arises) bear on the permissibility of instituting the procedures. The three concluding essays deal with moral aspects of conflicts outside of standard war, including those involving the threat of terrorism, resistance to communal injustice (for example, in the case of the Taliban women), and the use of nuclear weapons for deterrence.
F.M. Kamm is Littauer Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School, and Professor of Philosophy, Department of Philosophy, Harvard University. She is the author of Creation and Abortion; Mortality, Mortality, Vols. 1 and 2; Intricate Ethics; Ethics for Enemies: Terror, Torture, and War; Bioethical Prescriptions; and The Trolley Problem Mysteries
INTRODUCTION ; CHAPTER 1 MAKING WAR AND ITS CONTINUATION UNJUST ; CHAPTER 2 CONDUCT IN WAR: JUSTIFICATIONS FOR KILLING NONCOMBATANTS IN WAR ; CHAPTER 3 CONDUCT IN WAR: FAILURES OF JUST WAR THEORY ; CHAPTER 4 CONDUCT IN WAR: THE MORALITY OF KILLING IN WAR ; CHAPTER 5 COLLABORATION AND WITH THE ENEMY: HARMING SOME TO SAVE OTHERS FROM THE NAZIS ; CHAPTER 6 POST CONFLICT: MORAL IMPROVISATION AND NEW OBLIGATIONS: THE CASE OF TRUTH COMMISSIONS ; CHAPTER 7 POST CONFLICT: JUS POST BELL0, PROPORTIONALITY, AND REHABILITATION ; CHAPTER 8 TERRORISM AND SEVERAL MORAL DISTINCTIONS ; CHAPTER 9 SELF DEFENSE, RESISTANCE, AND SUICIDE: THE TALIBAN WOMEN ; CHAPTER 10 NUCLEAR DETERRENCE AND NONCOMBATANTS