The Muffled Cries presents a multidisciplinary, historical, overview of the role of the writer and literature during Brazil's military dictatorship between 1964 and 1985. Nancy T. Baden brings together numerous sources, including personal interviews, periodicals, and books translated into English for the first time, to expose the ironies, subtleties, and complexities of the Brazilian cultural milieu under authoritarianism. She explores Brazilian fiction and poetry within this historical framework, in order to portray the role of the writer within the cultural context based on self-perception and the views of others. Baden also examines the official and unofficial controls imposed by the state and the effects they had on the literature produced. Following the varying phases of authoritarianism, she found many experimental techniques and exaggerated realism in use as a method of showing resistance by revealing the underlying sociopolitical problems, and protesting against the military. This ground-breaking work provides much new insight into the history and literature of Brazil from 1964 to 1985.
Nancy T. Baden is Professor of Spanish and Portuguese at California State University, Fullerton.
chapter 1 Introduction chapter 2 We Were Born Censored: The Dubious Legacy chapter 3 Caught in the Authoritarian Web, 1964-1968 chapter 4 The Writer and Inner Exile, 1968-1974 chapter 5 The Censor's Scissors, 1974-1979 chapter 6 The Many Voices of Dissent, 1974-1979 chapter 7 Abertura and Beyond: Writing to Remember and to Forget, 1979-1985 chapter 8 Taking Stock of Writer's Struggles with Censorship chapter 9 Appendix 1 chapter 10 Appendix 2 chapter 11 Appendix 3 chapter 12 Bibliography chapter 13 Index