Following the Arab Spring, the Muslim Brotherhood achieved a level of influence previously unimaginable. Yet the implications of the Brotherhood's rise and dramatic fall for the future of democratic governance, peace, and stability in the region are disputed and remain open to debate. Drawing on more than one hundred in-depth interviews as well as Arabic-language sources never before accessed by Western researchers, Carrie Rosefsky Wickham traces the evolution of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt from its founding in 1928 to the fall of Hosni Mubarak and the watershed elections of 2011-2012. Highlighting elements of movement continuity and change, Wickham demonstrates that shifts in Islamist worldviews, goals, and strategies are not the result of a single strand of cause and effect, and provides a systematic, fine-grained account of Islamist group evolution in Egypt and the wider Arab world. In a new afterword, Wickham discusses what has happened in Egypt since Muhammad Morsi was ousted and the Muslim Brotherhood fell from power.
Carrie Rosefsky Wickham is associate professor of political science at Emory University. She is the author of Mobilizing Islam: Religion, Activism, and Political Change in Egypt.
Preface ix Acknowledgments xiii Note on Transliteration xvii Chapter One Conceptualizing Islamist Movement Change 1 Chapter Two The Brotherhood's Early Years 20 Chapter Three The Brotherhood's Foray into Electoral Politics 46 Chapter Four The Wasat Party Initiative and the Brotherhood's Response 76 Chapter Five The Brotherhood's Seesaw between Self-Assertion and Self-Restraint 96 Chapter Six Repression and Retrenchment 120 Chapter Seven The Brotherhood and the Egyptian Uprising 154 Chapter Eight Egypt's Islamist Movement in Comparative Perspective 196 Chapter Nine The Muslim Brotherhood in (Egypt's) Transition 247 Afterword to the Paperback Edition 289 Notes 325 List of Interviews 369 Selected Bibliography 373 Index 389