The Most Complete, Current Guide to Failure Analysis for Cooling Water SystemsFully updated for the latest technologies and techniques, this new edition describes proven procedures for determining the root cause of cooling system failure, correcting the problem, and preventing future occurrences.The first section covers cooling water system design and operation and features ten new chapters on the various materials most commonly found in cooling systems. The remaining four sections discuss waterside corrosion, cracking, mechanical damage, and material and design issues.
This authoritative resource explains how to identify failure locations and mechanisms, recognize critical factors influencing failure, carry out inspection procedures, and implement preventive measures to reducedamage. Illustrative case histories are provided in each chapter.
The Nalco Guide to Cooling Water Systems Failure Analysis, Second Edition, covers:
Carbon and alloy steelCast ironStainless steelCopper alloysAluminum alloysCorrosion-resistant alloysCoatingsNonmetallic materialsBrazed and soldered jointsCorrosion monitoringCrevice and underdeposit corrosionOxygen corrosionBiologically influenced corrosionAcid corrosionAlkaline corrosionGalvanic corrosionDealloyingIntergranular corrosionGraphitic corrosionLocalized and pitting corrosionCorrosion fatigueStress corrosion crackingErosion-corrosionCavitationManufacturing defectsWeld defectsDesign and operating conditions
Nalco, an Ecolab company, is the global leader in water, hygiene, and energy technologies and services that protect people and vital resources. Ecolab delivers comprehensive solutions and on-site service to ensure safe food, maintain clean environments, optimize water and energy use, and improve operational efficiencies for customers in the food, healthcare, energy, hospitality, and industrial markets in more than 170 countries around the world.
Section 1 - Deposits on the Water and Steam Side Water and Steam Formed DepositsCause of DepositionDeposit Related ProblemsSection 2 - Overheating Short Term OverheatingLong Term OverheatingSection 3 - Waterside Corrosion and DamageWaterside CorrosionCaustic CorrosionLow pH During ServiceHydrogen DamagePhosphate CorrosionChelant and Complexing Agent CorrosionOxygen CorrosionCorrosion During CleaningStress Assisted CorrosionPartingGraphitic CorrosionDealloyingWaterside Flow Related DamageCavitationFlow Accelerated CorrosionErosionSection 4 -Cracking CrackingCorrosion FatigueStress Corrosion CrackingSection 5 - Fireside Corrosion and DamageOil Ash CorrosionCoal Ash CorrosionWaterwall Fireside CorrosionCold End CorrosionDew Point CorrosionErosionSection 6 - Material DefectsForming DefectsWelding Defects