Shope presents a unified perspective on meaningfulness, spanning such varied topics as the meaningfulness of linguistic expressions and conventional signs, Freud's conception of the meaningfulness of various mental phenomena and instances of behavior, a person's meaning to do something, meaning in the arts, and even life's having a meaning. Shope's perspective is based upon a 'constitutive' analysis of what it is for one item to represent another. Criticizing the views of philosophers who attempt to analyze such representing in causal terms, or merely in epistemological terms, he shows that a successful analysis needs to invoke both types of considerations.
Robert K. Shope is professor of philosophy at the University of Massachusetts.
Part 1 Preface Part 2 I Representing Chapter 3 1 Introduction Chapter 4 2 The Analysis of Representing Part 5 II Powers Chapter 6 3 Are Power Ascriptions Analyzable by Conditionals? Chapter 7 4 Need Power Ascriptions Be Analyzed? Chapter 8 5 Conditional Statements and Powers Chapter 9 6 Nondeviance of Causal Chains Part 10 III Meaning Chapter 11 7 Analyzing Meaning Chapter 12 8 Reasons for Regarding the Analyses as Constitutive Chapter 13 9 The Meaning of 'Meaning' Chapter 14 10 Further Implications of the Analyses of Linguistic Meaning Chapter 15 Appendix A: Backgrounds for Applications of the Analysis Chapter 16 Appendix B: Limitations of Naturalistic Accounts of Representing and Meaning Chapter 17 Appendix C: Further Issues Concerning Representing Chapter 18 Appendix D: Modalities, Powers, and Nondeviant Causal Chains Part 19 References Part 20 Index Part 21 About the Author