Examines the role of Deutsche Bank, Germany's largest commercial bank, during the Nazi dictatorship, and asks how the bank changed and accommodated to a transition from democracy and a market economy to dictatorship and a planned economy. Set against the background of the world depression and the German banking crisis of 1931, the book looks at the restructuring of German banking and offers material on the bank's expansion in central and eastern Europe. As well as summarizing research on the bank's controversial role in gold transactions and the financing of the construction of Auschwitz, the book also examines the role played by particular personalities in the development of the bank, such as Emil Georg von Strauss and Hermann Abs.
Harold James is Professor of History at Princeton University and chairman of the editorial board of World Politics. He is the author of several books on German economy and society, including The Deutsche Bank and the Nazi Economic War Against the Jews (Cambridge, 2001)
List of figures and table; Preface; 1. The setting; 2. The initial challenge: National Socialist ideology; 3. Anti-Semitism and the German banks; 4. Emil Georg von Stauss: the banker as politician; 5. Foreign expansion; 6. The expansion of state and party during the war; 7. The end of dictatorship; 8. Conclusion; Notes; Bibliography; Index.