Who was responsible for the crimes of the Nazis? Party leaders and members? Rank-and-file soldiers and bureaucrats? Ordinary Germans? This question looms over German disputes about the past like few others. It also looms over the art and architecture of postwar Germany in ways that have been surprisingly neglected. In The Nazi Perpetrator, Paul B. Jaskot fundamentally reevaluates pivotal developments in postwar German art and architecture against the backdrop of contentious contemporary debates over the Nazi past and the difficulty of determining who was or was not a Nazi perpetrator.Like their fellow Germans, postwar artists and architects grappled with the Nazi past and the problem of defining the Nazi perpetrator-a problem that was thoroughly entangled with contemporary conservative politics and the explosive issue of former Nazis living in postwar Germany. Beginning with the formative connection between Nazi politics and art during the 1930s, The Nazi Perpetrator traces the dilemma of identifying the perpetrator across the entire postwar period. Jaskot examines key works and episodes from West Germany and, after 1989, reunified Germany, showing how the changing perception of the perpetrator deeply impacted art and architecture, even in cases where artworks and buildings seem to have no obvious relation to the Nazi past. The book also reinterprets important periods in the careers of such major figures as Gerhard Richter, Anselm Kiefer, and Daniel Libeskind.Combining political history with a close analysis of specific works, The Nazi Perpetrator powerfully demonstrates that the ongoing influence of Nazi Germany after 1945 is much more central to understanding a wide range of modern German art and architecture than cultural historians have previously recognized.
Paul B. Jaskot is professor of art history at DePaul University in Chicago. He is the author of The Architecture of Oppression: The SS, Forced Labor, and the Nazi Monumental Building Economy and the coeditor of Beyond Berlin: Twelve German Cities Confront the Nazi Past.
Contents Abbreviations Introduction: Political History and Postwar German Art 1.National Socialists and Art: Becoming the Perpetrator 2.Gerhard Richter and the Advent of the Nazi Past: The Persistence of the Perpetrator 3.Anselm Kiefer and the Ascendance of Helmut Kohl: The Changing Perception of the Perpetrator 4.Daniel Libeskind and the Neo-Nazi Specter: The Resurgence of the Perpetrator 5.The Nuremberg Party Rally Grounds and Local Politics: The Historicized Perpetrator Afterword: The Nazi Past in Postwar Germany's Cultural History Acknowledgments Notes Bibliography Index