The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making (APA Bronfenbrenner Series on the Ecology of Human Development)

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making (APA Bronfenbrenner Series on the Ecology of Human Development)

By: Vivian Zayas (editor), Valerie F. Reyna (editor)Hardback

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Whether the decision is to have unprotected sex, consent to surgery, spend rather than save for retirement, or have an extra piece of pie, risky decisions permeate our lives, sometimes with disastrous consequences. How and why risk taking occurs has important implications, yet many questions remain about how various factors influence decision-making.This book advances basic understanding and scientific theory about the brain mechanisms underlying risky decision making, paving the way for translation of science into practice and policy. This compelling research topic crosses a number of disciplines, including developmental and cognitive psychology, brain sciences, law, behavioural economics, and addiction.

About Author

Valerie F. Reyna, PhD, is director of the Human Neuroscience Institute at Cornell University and former president of the Society for Judgment and Decision Making, professor and co-director of the Center for Behavioral Economics and Decision Research at Cornell University, and co-director of the Cornell University Magnetic Resonance Imaging Facility.She is a developer of fuzzy trace theory, a model of memory, decision making, and development that is widely applied in law, medicine, and public health. Her recent work has focused on numeracy, medical decision making, risk perception and risk taking, neurobiological models of development, and neurocognitive impairment and genetics.Dr. Reyna has been a leader in using memory principles such as accessibility and mathematical models of memory to explain judgment and decision making. Among her theoretical proposals, she is particularly well known for a model of intuition that places it at the apex of judgment and decision making, rather than treating it as a developmentally primitive process. She also helped to initiate what is now a burgeoning area of research on developmental differences in judgment and decision making.Her research supports an evidence-based explanation of neural and psychological processes of risk taking in adolescence and adulthood, which predicts real-world behaviours. The author of more than 175 publications that have been cited more than 8,000 times, Dr. Reyna is a Fellow of numerous scientific societies and has served on scientific panels of the National Research Council, the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the MacArthur Foundation, and the National Academy of Sciences.Vivian Zayas, PhD, is an associate professor of psychology at Cornell University. Her research examines the cognitive and affective processes involved in delay of gratification and the interplay between attachment and affiliative processes, on the one hand, and self-control processes, on the other, using theoretical frameworks and methods that cross traditionally defined boundaries between social and personality psychology and cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience and developmental psychology.Her research has appeared in journals such as Psychological Science, the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Child Development, Nature Neuroscience, and the Journal of Personality.


ContributorsForeword, Colin F. CamererPrefaceIntroduction, Valerie F. Reyna and Vivian ZayasI. NeuroeconomicsReward, Representation, and Impulsivity: A Theoretical Framework for the Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making, Valerie F. Reyna and Scott A. HuettelBehavioral and Neuroscience Methods for Studying Neuroeconomic Processes: What We Can Learn From Framing Effects, Irwin P. Levin, Todd McElroy, Gary J. Gaeth, and William HedgcockII. NeurodevelopmentRisks, Rewards, and the Developing Brain in Childhood and Adolescence, Barbara Braams, Linda van Leijenhorst, and Eveline A. CroneThe Adolescent Sensation-Seeking Period: Development of Reward Processing and Its Effects on Cognitive Control, Beatriz Luna, Aarthi Padmanabhan, and Charles GeierReward Processing and Risky Decision Making in the Aging Brain, Gregory Samanez-Larkin and Brian KnutsonIII. NeuropsychologyMind and Brain in Delay of Gratification, Vivian Zayas, Walter Mischel, and Gayathri PandeyThe Neuroscience of Dual (and Triple) Systems in Decision Making, Samantha M. W. Wood and Antoine BecharaIndexAbout the Editors

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781433816628
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 240
  • ID: 9781433816628
  • ISBN10: 1433816628

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