The fourth volume of The New Cambridge Medieval History covers the eleventh and twelfth centuries, which comprised perhaps the most dynamic period in the European middle ages. This is a history of Europe, but the continent is interpreted widely to include the Near East and North Africa as well. The volume is divided into two parts of which this, the first, deals with themes, ecclesiastical and secular, and major developments in an age marked by the expansion of population, agriculture, trade, towns and the frontiers of western society; by a radical reform of the structure and institutions of the western church, and by fundamental changes in relationships with the eastern churches, Byzantium, Islam and the Jews; by the appearance of new kingdoms and states, and by the development of crusades, knighthood and law, Latin and vernacular literature, Romanesque and Gothic art and architecture, heresies and the scholastic movement.
David Luscombe is Research Professor of Medieval History, University of Sheffield. Jonathan Riley-Smith is Dixie Professor of Ecclesiastical History, University of Cambridge, and Fellow of Emmanuel College.
Introduction Jonathan Riley-Smith and David Luscombe; 1. The rural economy and demographic growth Robert Fossier; 2. Towns and the growth of trade Derek Keene; 3. Government and community, 1024-1204 Susan Reynolds; 4. The development of law Peter Landau; 5. Knightly society Jean Flori; 6. War, peace and the Christian order, 1024-1204 Ernst-Dieter Hehl; 7. The structure of the church, 1024-1073 H. E. J. Cowdrey; 8. Reform and the church, 1073-1122 I. S. Robinson; 9. Religious communities, 1024-1215 Giles Constable; 10. The institutions of the church, 1073-1216 I. S. Robinson; 11. Thought and learning D. E. Luscombe; 12. Religion and laity (including popular devotions and heresy) Bernard Hamilton; 13. The crusades, 1095-1198 Jonathan Riley-Smith; 14. The eastern churches Jean Richard; 15. Muslim Spain and Portugal: al-Andalus and its neighbours, 1025-1198 Hugh Kennedy; 16. The Jews in Europe and the Mediterranean basin in the eleventh and twelfth centuries Robert Chazan; 17. Literature (Latin and vernacular) Jan Ziolkowski; 18. Romanesque and gothic: architecture and the arts Patrick Kidson; List of primary sources; Bibliography of secondary sources arranged by chapter; Index of manuscripts.