The New Deal: A Global History provides a radically new interpretation of a pivotal period in US history. The first comprehensive study of the New Deal in a global context, the book compares American responses to the international crisis of capitalism and democracy during the 1930s to responses by other countries around the globe--not just in Europe but also in Latin America, Asia, and other parts of the world. Work creation, agricultural intervention, state planning, immigration policy, the role of mass media, forms of political leadership, and new ways of ruling America's colonies--all had parallels elsewhere and unfolded against a backdrop of intense global debates. By avoiding the distortions of American exceptionalism, Kiran Klaus Patel shows how America's reaction to the Great Depression connected it to the wider world. Among much else, the book explains why the New Deal had enormous repercussions on China; why Franklin D. Roosevelt studied the welfare schemes of Nazi Germany; and why the New Dealers were fascinated by cooperatives in Sweden--but ignored similar schemes in Japan.
Ultimately, Patel argues, the New Deal provided the institutional scaffolding for the construction of American global hegemony in the postwar era, making this history essential for understanding both the New Deal and America's rise to global leadership.
Kiran Klaus Patel is the Jean Monnet Professor of European and Global History at Maastricht University in the Netherlands. His books include Soldiers of Labor: Labor Service in Nazi Germany and New Deal America, 1933-1945, and he has edited a number of volumes, including The United States and Germany during the Twentieth Century.
Acknowledgments vii Abbreviations xi Prologue 1 Chapter 1 A Global Crisis 10 A Fragile Boom 10 The Crisis and Its Origins 24 Chapter 2 In Search of New Beginnings 45 Setting Stages 45 Many New Deals 56 Planning and Mobilization 90 Chapter 3 Into the Vast External Realm 121 Gold, Silver, and Other Bombs 121 Good Neighbors 139 Borders, Hard and Soft 171 Chapter 4 Redefining Boundaries 190 Deeper into the Alphabet Soup 190 Broadening Security 218 Roads Traveled, Built, and Untraveled 242 Chapter 5 The American World Order 261 The New Deal State at War 261 A Global Legacy 278 Notes 301 Bibliography 351 Index 415