What is the role of nuclear weapons in the post cold war world? Recent confrontations in the Persian Gulf and on the Korean peninsula suggest that the control of those weapons will continue to be an important international issue. This collection of essays explores the relationship between the United States and an older nuclear 'maverick,' India. The contributors are policy and scientific experts convened to explore the possibility of an Indo-U.S. rapprochement on the questions of nuclear proliferation. Both countries have as their goal the reduction of the nuclear threat; however, for over two decades they have disagreed about the best means to achieve it. India has preferred a more inclusive model of international regulation and development while the U.S. has leaned toward limiting nuclear weapons to the five nations who signed the 1970 nonproliferation treaty-Russia, China, France, England, and the U.S. This collection should be of interest to scholars and policy analysts interested in rethinking and perhaps re-creating U.S.-India international nuclear relations. Copublished with the Center for the Advanced Study of India.