The rise of the renminbi and what it means for forex markets
Chinese authorities have ambitious plans to "internationalize" the renminbi, transforming it from a tightly controlled domestic legal tender into a global currency for international trade, held by both private and public sector asset managers. The Offshore Renminbi examines this impending currency revolution, outlining why the emergence of China as a major economic power will likely soon be matched by a transformation of the renminbi's role in the global financial system. It explains how new markets for "offshore" renminbi are developing outside mainland China since the country is not yet ready to fully open up its economy to international capital flows, and the regulations that govern them.
The potential growth for the renminbi market is vast, thanks to China's role in the global trading community. The early stages of the internationalization effort were small-scale, but momentum has greatly increased over the past 18 months, making this book more relevant than ever. These developments offer new opportunities (and challenges) for corporate treasurers and investors, as China's profound economic success and growing prominence in global trade may transform offshore renminbi into a new global reserve currency and a legitimate competitor to the U.S. dollar.
Explores how the "internationalization" of the renminbi is likely to yield a new global currency to rival the U.S. dollar
Examines "offshore" renminbi and the host of new financial markets they have created, from a spot FX market to Dim Sum bonds in Hong Kong
Covers broad themes of interest to general readers and policymakers, as well as more detailed issues of practical and direct importance to corporate treasurers and investors
The Chinese government has ambitious plans to make the renminbi a global currency. The Offshore Renminbi explains the complexities of this strategy and the dramatic implications for the global FX markets.
Robert Minikin is the Senior Foreign Exchange Strategist with Standard Chartered Bank, Hong Kong. He is a member of the Global Foreign Exchange Strategy team focusing on Northeast Asia FX, with a particular emphasis on "CNH," the new Chinese yuan (CNY) offshore market in Hong Kong. He is a well known commentator on financial market development who is regularly featured both in the print and broadcast media. Mr. Minikin has more than twenty years of experience in financial market analysis. He holds first and second degrees in economics from the University of London. Kelvin Lau is a Hong Kong based economist covering Greater China, specialising in Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta in Southern China. Kelvin joined Standard Chartered Bank as an economist in September 2000 and is currently a member of the Greater China research team. With a focus on Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region in Sourthern China, Kelvin provides macroeconomic analysis and on-the-ground views of major economic issues. His views are quoted by various international as well as local media. He holds a degree in economics from the London School of Economics and Political Science.
Foreword ix Preface xiii List of Acronyms and Key Terms xvii CHAPTER 1 The New Global Role for the Renminbi 1 A Longstanding but Failing Path 4 Allowing Renminbi Markets to Flourish 9 Political Tailwinds for Internationalisation 13 Challenges and Consolidation Risks 19 The Renminbi in a Multipolar World 23 CHAPTER 2 Linking the Offshore and the Onshore Renminbi Markets 25 International Transactions in a Domestic Currency 25 The Starting Point for Renminbi Internationalisation 31 Investability: Opportunities and Challenges 40 Timing Convertibility 45 PBoC and Exchange Rate Policy 50 The Advantages of the Offshore Renminbi 53 CHAPTER 3 The Birth and Evolution of the Offshore Renminbi Market in Hong Kong 57 A Chronological Look at Key Policy Liberalisations 59 More on Renminbi Trade Settlement in the Post Big Bang Era 79 From Renminbi Trade Settlement to Offshore Renminbi Deposits 93 CHAPTER 4 New Markets New Jargon, New Opportunities 101 The Chinese Yuan in FX Spot 101 A New Diversity of Forward Markets 109 Opportunities in the CNH Markets 112 Tracking Returns in CNH Deposits 121 The Dim Sum Bond Market Matures 126 CHAPTER 5 Geographical Expansion of the Offshore Renminbi Universe 131 From Hong Kong to Haiwai through Trade 133 Renminbi in London and the Hub-and-Spokes Model 139 Direct Renminbi Cooperation with Mainland China 142 Shanghai s Aspiration and Infrastructure Overhaul 147 Hong Kong Is Still in Pole Position 151 CHAPTER 6 Drivers for Internationalisation 163 Public Policy: Replacing USD 168 Economics: China s Role in the Global Economy 174 For Investors: Appreciation but, More Importantly, Diversification 178 For Corporations: Fairer and More Transparent Pricing 182 For Official Reserve Managers: A New Route to Stability? 187 CHAPTER 7 The Rise of the Renminbi and Its Policy Implications 193 The Renminbi s Rise: A Threat to the Hong Kong Dollar? 193 The Renminbi s Rise: A Regional FX Anchor 198 The Renminbi s Rise: The SDR and the IMF 206 The Renminbi s Rise: The US Dollar in a Multipolar World 213 Afterword: The Life Overseas with the Rising Renminbi 217 Appendix: The CNH Timeline 223 Bibliography 229 About the Authors 231 Index 233