The engineering enterprise is a pillar of U.S. national and homeland security, economic vitality, and innovation. But many engineering tasks can now be performed anywhere in the world. The emergence of "offshoring"- the transfer of work from the United States to affiliated and unaffiliated entities abroad - has raised concerns about the impacts of globalization. The Offshoring of Engineering helps to answer many questions about the scope, composition, and motivation for offshoring and considers the implications for the future of U.S. engineering practice, labor markets, education, and research. This book examines trends and impacts from a broad perspective and in six specific industries - software, semiconductors, personal computer manufacturing, construction engineering and services, automobiles, and pharmaceuticals. The Offshoring of Engineering will be of great interest to engineers, engineering professors and deans, and policy makers, as well as people outside the engineering community who are concerned with sustaining and strengthening U.S. engineering capabilities in support of homeland security, economic vitality, and innovation.
1 Front Matter; 2 Executive Summary; 3 Part I: Consensus Report, 1 Introduction; 4 2 Offshoring and Engineering: The Knowledge Base and Issues; 5 3 Effects of Offshoring on Specific Industries; 6 4 Workshop Findings and Discussion; 7 Additional Reading; 8 Part II: Commissioned Papers and Workshop Presentations, Commissioned Papers, Implications of Globalization for Software Engineering--Rafiq Dossani and Martin Kenney; 9 Implications of Globalization for Software Engineering--Rafiq Dossani and Martin Kenney; 10 The Changing Nature of Engineering in the Automotive Industry--John Moavenzadeh; 11 Offshoring in the Pharmaceutical Industry--Mridula Pore, Yu Pu, Lakshman Pernenkil, and Charles L. Cooney; 12 Impact of Globalization and Offshoring on Engineering Employment in the Personal Computing Industry--Jason Dedrick and Kenneth L. Kraemer; 13 Offshoring of Engineering Services in the Construction Industry--John I. Messner; 14 Semiconductor Engineers in a Global Economy--Clair Brown and Greg Linden; 15 Workshop Presentations, Implications of Offshoring for Engineering Management and Engineering Education--Anne Stevens; 16 An Academic Perspective on the Globalization of Engineering--Charles M. Vest; 17 Keynote Talk on the Globalization of Engineering--Robert Galvin; 18 Software-Related Offshoring--Alfred Z. Spector; 19 Implications of Offshoring for the Engineering Workforce and Profession--Ralph Wyndrum; 20 Industry Trends in Engineering Offshoring--Vivek Wadhwa; 21 Offshoring in the U.S. Telecommunications Industry--Theodore S. Rappaport; 22 Appendix A: Workshop Agenda; 23 Appendix B: Workshop Participants; 24 Appendix C: Biographical Information