Written in political exile in New Zealand during the Second World War and published in two volumes in 1945, The Open Society and its Enemies was hailed by Bertrand Russell as a 'vigorous and profound defence of democracy'. This legendary attack on the philosophies of Plato, Hegel and Marx prophesied the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe and exposed the fatal flaws of socially engineered political systems. It remains highly readable, erudite and lucid and as essential reading today as on publication in 1945. It is available here in a special centenary single-volume edition.
VOLUME 1: THE SPELL OF PLATO Introduction, The Spell of Plato, THE MYTH OF ORIGIN AND DESTINY 1. Historicism and the Myth of Destiny 2. Heraclitus 3. Plato's Theory of Forms or Ideas PLATO'S DESCRIPTIVE SOCIOLOGY: 4. Change and Rest 5. Nature and Convention, PLATO'S POLITICAL PROGRAMME: 6. Totalitarian Justice 7. The Principle of Leadership 8. The Philosopher King 9. Aestheticism, Perfectionism, Utopianism THE BACKGROUND OF PLATO'S ATTACK: 10. The Open Society and its Enemies Notes Addenda Index of Platonic Passages Index of Names Index of Subjects VOLUME 2: THE HIGH TIDE OF PROPHECY The Rise of Oracular Philosophy 11. The Aristotelian Roots of Hegelianism 12. Hegel and The New Tribalism MARX'S METHOD: 13. Sociological Determinism 14. The Autonomy of Sociology 15. Economic Historicism 16. The Classes 17. The Legal and the Social System MARX'S PROPHECY: 18. The Coming of Socialism 19. The Social Revolution 20. Capitalism and Its Fate 21. An Evaluation MARX'S ETHICS: 22. The Moral Theory of Historicism THE AFTERMATH: 23. The Sociology of Knowledge 24. Oracular Philosophy and the Revolt against Reason CONCLUSION: 25. Has History any aning? Notes Addenda (1961, 1965) Index of Names Index of Subjects