The Origins of Argentina's Revolution of the Right traces the ideological roots and political impact of Argentine right-wing nationalism as it developed in the 1930s and 1940s. In this spirited book, Alberto Spektorowski focuses on the attempt by a new brand of nonconformist intellectuals to shift the concept of Argentine nationalism from its liberal incarnation to an integralist-populist one, and simultaneously to change Argentina's path of development from liberalism to a ""third road"" of economic autarky. Spektorowski argues that this ""third road"" to national modernity was reactionary in regard to liberal rights, reform socialism, parliamentary politics, and cosmopolitan society. At the same time, it was modernist in terms of industrialization, anti-imperialist ideology, social justice, and social mobilization. This popular mobilization under authoritarian rule embodied a new concept of organic nationalism, claims Spektorowski. The Origins of Argentina's Revolution of the Right maintains that the ""third road"" developed in 1930s Argentina through the juxtaposition of two apparently opposing types of anti-liberal ideological currents: a right-wing authoritarian current reliant upon counterrevolutionary European sources, and an anti-imperialist, populist current. Spektorowski suggests that in the 1930s when Argentine economic dependency on Great Britain deepened, both ideological wings found a common language with which to attack liberal democracy. Spektorowski shows that both of these wings rejected liberal institutions, bourgeois society, cosmopolitanism, and old-type conservatism, and became profoundly anti-imperialist. Both defended a ""pro-axis"" neutrality during World War II, and both set the ideological stage for Argentina's sociopolitical shift of the 1940s. Spektorowski concludes that both of these currents produced a single nationalist ideology that became the intellectual framework in which the ""repertoire"" of political values of the 1943 military regime and Peronism was subsequently elaborated.