More than 60 years have passed since the outbreak of the most catastrophic conflict the world has known: 30 million people dead and unbelievable devastation. In the 3rd edition of this popular volume, Keith Eubank seeks answers to the questions that have plagued us: Why, after the ghastly ordeal of World War I did Western powers undervalue the threat from Hitler? Why was there so much reluctance on the part of Britain and France to confront Germany? Why had Germany been permitted to rearm and to occupy independent nations without a struggle? What was the policy of appeasement? Why did the appeasers fail to perceive Hitler's intentions? In addition to a re-examination of these questions and an effort to dispel the enduring myths surrounding the history of this era, Keith Eubank has enhanced this new edition by including an analysis of the motivations and actions of central figures such as Neville Chamberlain and Joseph Stalin as well as a re-assessment of Soviet policies in the light of recent research that reveals their leaders as far less altruistic than some have imagined. With an expanded conclusion, a new photo section, and an updated bibliographic essay, this book remains an excellent brief overview of the period between 1918 and 1939.
Keith Eubank is Professor of History Emeritus, Queens College, City University of New York. A graduate of Hampden-Sydney College, he holds graduate degrees from Harvard University and the University of Pennsylvania. Among the books he has written and edited are Paul Cambon: Master Diplomatist; Munich; The Summit Conferences, 1919-1960; The Road to World War II: A Documentary History; Summit at Teheran: The Untold Story; The Bomb; and The Cuban Missile Crisis. He is the co-author of Survey of Historic Costume and series editor of Harlan Davidson s The European History Series.
Preface to the Third Edition ix 1. "PEACE," 1918-1933 1 November 11, 1918 1 The Treaty of Versailles 3 The League of Nations 13 French "Security" 16 German "Good Faith" 19 Economic Crisis 22 2. The Uneasy Peace, 1933-1935 25 Adolf Hitler 25 Rearmament and Disarmament 31 The Four-Power Pact 34 The Dollfuss Affair 35 Germany's Military Renaissance 36 The Franco-Soviet Pact 40 The Anglo-German Naval Agreement 43 3. Years of Crisis, 1935-1938 47 Mussolini and Ethiopia 47 Hitler in the Rhineland 56 The Popular Front and the Spanish Civil War 67 Appeasement and Appeasers 72 4. The Road to War, 1938 80 The Reichschancellery Meeting 80 The Anschluss 84 Crisis in Czechoslovakia 96 The Munich Conference 113 The End of Czechoslovakia 120 5. War, 1939 128 Danzig 128 Appeasement Fails 140 Conclusion 168 Bibliographical Essay 175 Index 191 Maps German Territorial Losses in Central Europe, 1919 5 Nazi Aggression in Central Europe, 1933-1939 108