The Oxford Handbook of Caribbean Archaeology provides an overview of archaeological investigations in the insular Caribbean, understood here as the islands whose shores surround the Caribbean Sea and the islands of the Bahama Archipelago. Though these islands were never isolated from the surrounding mainland, their histories are sufficiently diverse to warrant their identification as distinct areas of culture. Over the past 20 years, Caribbean archaeology
has been transformed from a focus on reconstructing culture histories to one on the mobility and exchange expressed in cultural and social dynamics. This Handbook brings together, for the first time, examples of the best research conducted by scholars from across the globe to address the complexity of the
The Handbook is divided into five sections. Part I, Islands of History and the Precolonial History of the Caribbean Islands, provides an introduction to Caribbean Archaeology and its history. The papers in the following Ethnohistory section address the diversity of cultural practices expressed in the insular Caribbean and develop historical descriptions in concert with archaeological evidence in order to place language, social organization, and the native Tainos and Island Caribs in
perspective. The following section, Culture History, provides the latest research on specific geographical locations and cross-cultural engagements, from Jamaica and the Bahama archigelago to the Saladoid and the Isthmo-Antillean Engagements. Creating History, the fourth section, includes papers on specific
issues related to the field, such as Zooarchaeology, Rock Art, and DNA analysis, among others. The final section, World History, centers on the consequences of European colonization.
William F. Keegan is Professor of Anthropology at the University of Florida and Curator of Caribbean Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History. Corinne L. Hofman is Professor of Caribbean Archaeology at Leiden University, The Netherlands. Reniel Rodriguez Ramos is Assistant Professor at the Universidad de Puerto Rico-Utuado and a Post-Doctoral Researcher at the Faculty of Archaeology of Leiden. University.
Contributors ; List of Figures ; List of Tables ; Islands of History and the Precolonial History of the Caribbean Islands ; 1. Introduction to the Archaeology of the Insular Caribbean ; William F. Keegan, Corinne L. Hofman, and Reniel Rodriguez Ramos ; 2. Caribbean Archaeology in Historical Perspective ; Peter E. Siegel ; 3. The Climatic Context for pre-Columbian Archaeology in the Caribbean ; Jago Cooper ; Ethnohistory ; 4. Indigenous Languages of the Caribbean ; Julian Granberry ; 5. The Tainos ; William F. Keegan ; 6. Kinship and Social Organization in the Prehistoric Caribbean ; Bradley Ensor ; 7. Ethnohistory of the Caribs ; Louis Allaire ; Culture History ; 8. The Arawak Diaspora: Perspectives from South America ; Michael Heckenberger ; 9. The Humanization of the Insular Caribbean ; Reniel Rodriguez Ramos, Jaime Pagan Jimenez, and Corinne Hofman ; 10. Gateway to the Mainland: Trinidad and Tobago ; Arie Boomert ; 11. Isthmo-Antillean Engagements ; Reniel Rodriguez Ramos ; 12. Huecoid Culture and the Antillean Agroalfarero (Farmer-Potter) Period ; Luis A. Chanlatte Baik ; 13. Saladoid ; Benoit Berard ; 14. The Southward Route Hypothesis ; Scott M. Fitzpatrick ; 15. The Post-Saladoid in the Lesser Antilles (AD 600/800-1492) ; Corinne L. Hofman ; 16. Meillacoid and the Origins of Classic Taino Society ; Peter Sinelli ; 17. Archaeological Practice, Archaic Presence and Interaction in Indigenous Societies in Cuba ; Jorge Ulloa Hung and Roberto Valcarcel Rojas. ; 18. Jamaica ; Kit Wesler ; 19. The Bahama archipelago ; Mary Jane Berman, Perry Gnivecki and Michael Pateman ; Creating History ; 20. Archaeological Views of Caribbean Seafaring ; Richard T. Callaghan ; 21. An Archaeology of Spatiality in the Caribbean ; Christopher F. Altes ; 22. Exchange as a Social Contract: A Perspective from the Microscale ; Joost Morsink ; 23. Studying Pre-Columbian Interaction Networks: Mobility and Exchange ; Angus A. A. Mol ; 24. Rethinking Chiefdoms in the Caribbean ; Joshua M. Torres ; 25. Household Archaeology ; Alice Samson ; 26. Zooarchaeology in the Caribbean: Current Research and Future Prospects ; Susan deFrance ; 27. Human-Plant Dynamics in the Precolonial Antilles: A Synthetic Update ; Jaime R. Pagan Jimenez ; 28. Stable Isotope Analysis of Paleodiet in the Caribbean ; William J. Pestle ; 29. Stable Isotope Research in Caribbean Contexts: New Perspectives on Old Questions ; Jason Laffoon ; 30. The Study of Pre-Columbian Human Remains in the Caribbean Archipelago: From Descriptive Osteology to a Bioarchaeological Approach ; Edwin F. Crespo Torres, Hayley L. Mickleburgh and Roberto Varcarcel Rojas ; 31. From Corpse Taphonomy to Mortuary Behavior in the Caribbean: A Case Study from the Lesser Antilles ; Menno L.P. Hoogland and Corinne L. Hofman ; 32. The DNA Evidence for the Human Colonization and Spread Across the Americas: Implications for the Peopling of the Caribbean ; Juan Martinez Cruzado ; 32. Rock Art of the Caribbean ; Michele H. Hayward, Lesley-Gail Atkinson, and Michael A. Cinquino, with contributions by Gerard Richard ; 33. Metals in the Indigenous Societies of the Insular Caribbean ; Roberto Valcarcel Rojas and Marcos Martinon Torres ; World History ; 34. New Directions in Caribbean Historical Archaeology ; Douglas V. Armstrong ; 36. Transcending Oppression: Contributions of Maroon Heritage to Freedom in World History ; E. Kofi Agorsah ; 37. The Construction of an Identity and the Politics of Remembering ; Carmen A. Laguer Diaz ; 38. Caribbean Archaeology in the Next 50 years ; Samuel M. Wilson