This handbook provides a comprehensive account of current research on case and the morphological and syntactic phenomena associated with it. The semantic roles and grammatical relations indicated by case are fundamental to the whole system of language and have long been a central concern of descriptive and theoretical linguistics. The book opens with the editors' synoptic overview of the main lines of research in the field, which sets out the main issues, challenges, and debates. Some sixty scholars from all over the world then report on the state of play in theoretical, typological, diachronic, and psycholinguistic research. They assess cross-linguistic work on case and case-systems and evaluate a variety of theoretical approaches. They examine current issues and debates from historical, areal, socio-linguistic and psycholinguistic perspectives. The final part of the book consists of a set of overviews of case systems representative of some of the world's major language families. The book is fully cross-referenced, referenced, and indexed.
It will be of central interest to all scholars and advanced students of syntax and morphology as well as to those working in associated subjects in semantics, typology, and psycholinguistics.
Andrej Malchukov is a senior researcher at the Institute of Linguistic Studies, St-Petersburg, currently affiliated to Max Planck Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology (Leipzig). He is the editor, with Leonid Kulikov and Peter de Swart, of Case, Valency and Transitivity (Benjamins, 2006) and the author of Nominalization/Verbalization (Lincom, 2004) Andrew Spencer is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Essex. He is the editor, with Arnold Zwicky, of The Handbook of Morphology (Blackwell, 1998) and the author of Phonology: Description and Analysis (Blackwell, 1996) and Morphological Theory (Blackwell, 1991).
PART I: ; Introduction ; PART II: THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO CASE ; 1. History of the Research on Case ; 2. Modern Approaches to Case: An Overview ; 3. Case in GB/Minimalism ; 4. Case in Lexical-Functional grammar ; 5. The Case Tier: a Hierarchical Approach to Morphological Case ; 6. Case in Optimality Theory ; 7. Case in Role and Reference Grammar ; 8. Case in Localist Case Grammar ; 9. Case in Cognitive Grammar ; 10. Case in NSM: a Re-analysis of the Polish Dative ; 11. Case in formal semantics ; PART III: MORPHOLOGY OF CASE ; 12. Case as a Morphological Phenomenon ; 13. Case and Declensional Paradigm ; 14. Case Syncretism ; 15. The Distribution of Case ; 16. Asymmetry in Case Marking: Nominal vs. Pronominal Systems ; PART IV: SYNTAX OF CASE ; 17. Case, Grammatical Relations, and Semantic Roles ; 18. Syntactic Effects of Morphological Case ; 19. Case and Alternative Strategies: word order and agreement marking ; 20. Case Marking and Alignment ; 21. Case and Voice ; 22. Differential Case Marking and Actancy Variations ; 23. Case and the Typology of Transitivity ; PART V: CASE IN (PSYCHO)LINGUISTIC DISCIPLINES ; 24. The Acquisition of Case ; 25. Case in Language Production ; 26. Case in Language Comprehension ; 27. Case and Aphasia ; PART VI: AREAL AND DIACHRONIC ISSUES ; 28. Evolution of Case Systems ; 29. Grammaticalization of Cases ; 30. Case in Decline ; 31. The Geography of Case ; 32. Case and Contact Linguistics ; PART VI: INDIVIDUAL CASES: CROSS-LINGUISTIC OVERVIEWS ; 33. Terminology of Case ; 34. Case Polysemy ; 35. Marked Nominatives ; 36. Varieties of Accusative ; 37. Varieties of Ergative ; 38. Varieties of Dative ; 39. Varieties of Genitive ; 40. Varieties of Instrumental ; 41. Varieties of Comitative ; 42. Spatial Cases ; 43. The Vocative - an Outlier Case ; 44. Rare and 'Exotic' Cases ; PART VIII: SKETCHES OF CASE SYSTEMS ; 45. Typology of Case Systems: Parameters of Variation ; 46. Case Marking in Daghestanian: Limits of Elaboration ; 47. Poor (Two-Term) Case Systems: Limits of Neutralization ; 48. Case In Iranian: From Reducation and Loss to Innovation and Renewal ; 49. From Synthetic to Analytic Case: Variation in South Slavic Dialects ; 50. Case in an African Language: Ik - How Defective a Case Can be ; 51. Differential Case-marking of Arguments: Amharic ; 52. Case in an Australian Language: Distribution of Case and Multiple Case-Marking in Nyamal ; 53. Case in an Austronesian language: Distinguishing Case Functions in Tukang Besi ; 54. Case in a Topic-Prominent Language: Pragmatic and Syntactic Functions of Cases in Japanese ; 55. Case in Yukaghir Languages ; 56. Case Relations in Tlapanec, a Head-Marking Language ; 57. 'Case Relations' in Lao, a Radically Isolating Language
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