The Penal System: An Introduction (5th Revised edition)

The Penal System: An Introduction (5th Revised edition)

By: James Dignan (author), George Mair (author), Mick Cavadino (author)Paperback

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Description

Now in its fifth edition, The Penal System: An Introduction remains the most complete, accessible and authoritative resource for your studies in Criminal Justice and Criminology. Fully revised and updated to account for recent changes in the Criminal Justice System, the new edition includes: Expanded material on restorative justice An expanded section on gender and the Criminal Justice System Greater coverage of comparative issues, focussing especially on Scotland An annually updated companion website, keeping you up-to-date with relevant legislation and crucial developments An accessible writing style balanced against a critical and scholarly approach A glossary of key terms that you'll encounter throughout your studies Continued critical coverage of the deepening penal crisis, including sections on the managerial crisis and the crisis of accountability The Penal System consolidates and builds on the successful formula of the fourth edition, bringing the text in line with the key issues facing the Criminal Justice System today. It will prove essential reading across all undergraduate levels for modules on Criminal Justice and Prisons/Punishment.

About Author

Michael Cavadino, who is Emeritus Professor of Law at the University of Central Lancashire, is an internationally known author and researcher in the fields of penology (the study of punishment) and mental health law. He is co-author of the leading textbook on the penal system of England and Wales (M Cavadino, J Dignan and G Mair, The Penal System: An Introduction, 5th ed., Sage Publications 2013). His other works include Mental Health Law in Context: Doctors' Orders? (Dartmouth, 1989) and M Cavadino and J Dignan, Penal Systems: A Comparative Approach (Sage Publications, 2006). George Mair is Professor of Criminal Justice and Head of the Department of Social Science at Liverpool Hope. Previously (1995-2012), he was Professor of Criminal Justice in the School of Law at Liverpool John Moores University; and prior to that (1979-1995) he was a member of the Home Office Research and Planning Unit, latterly as Principal Research Officer leading a team carrying out research and policy-advice on community penalties. He has been a member of the Merseyside Probation Board (2001-2007), and a member of the Liverpool Crime and Disorder Reduction Partnership (1999-2006).

Contents

Preface Companion Website Introduction The Criminal Justice System The Penal Crisis and Strategies for Criminal Justice Notes on Terminology: 'Punishment' and 'System' Crisis? What Crisis? Is there a Crisis? The Orthadox Account of the Crisis The High Prison Population (The Numbers Crisis) Overcrowding Bad Conditions Understaffing Staff Unrest 'Toxic Mix' of Prisoners Riots and Disorder Criticisms of the Orthodox Account Improving on the Orthadox Account The Crisis of Penological Resources The Crisis of Visibility The Crisis of Legitimacy Responses to the Crisis A Radical Pluralist Account of the Crisis Justifying Punishment Is Punishment Unjust? Reductivism Deterrence Incapacitation Reform Just Deserts: Retributivism and Denunciation Retributivism Denunciation Restorative Justice Schools of Penal Thought The Classical School: Deterrence and the Tariff Bentham and Neo-Classicism: Deterrence and Reform Positivism: The Rehabilitative Ideal The Justice Model: Just Deserts and Due Process From Just Deserts to the New Punitiveness - and Beyond? Philosophies, Strategies and Attitudes Conclusions: Punishment and Human Rights Explaining Punishment The Sociology of Punishment The Marxist Tradition Economic Determinism: Rusche and Kirchheimer Ideology and Hegemony: The Legacy of Gramsci Structuralist Marxism and Althusser Post-Structuralism, Discipline and Power: Michel Foucault Humanistic Materialism: The Case of E. P. Thompsom The Durkheimian Tradition The Weberian Tradition Pluralism and Radical Pluralism Applying Penal Sociology The New Penology and The New Punitiveness Comparative Penology and the New Punitiveness Sentencing: The Crux of the Crisis The Crux of the Crisis Who Are the Sentencers? Constraints on the Powers of Sentencers Judical Independence and Traditional English Sentencing Confining Discretion Checking Discretion: Appeals Structuring Discretion: Principles and Guidelines The Current Legal Framework of Sentencing A Brief, Tangled Recent History of Sentencing 1991: From the Strategy of Encouragement to Just Deserts 1992-97: The Law and Order Counter-Reformation New Labour, Mixed Messages Coalition False Dawn A Rational Approach? Punishment in the Community Community Punishment in a Rapidly Changing Penal Landscape Non-Custodial Punishment: the Current Sentencing Framework Nominal and Warning Penalties Financial Penalties Compensatory Penalties Reparative Penalties and Restorative Justice Approaches Supervisory Penalties and the Changing Role of the Probation Service Community Payback (Community Service or Unpaid Work) Surveillance and Restrictions on Movement: Curfews and Electronic Monitoring 'Hybrid Penalties' Community Punishment: Strategic Issues Changing Penal Strategies and their Impact on the Use of Imprisonment and Community Punishment Enforcement of Community Sentences: Sticks or Carrots? 'Sentence Management' and the Changing Role of the Judiciary Effectiveness of Community Sentences Contestability and Privatization Shifting Patterns of Penality: Theoretical Reflections Scull's 'Decarceration' Thesis Cohen and Mathiesen: the 'Dispersal of Discipline' Thesis Bottoms' 'Juridical Revival' Thesis Conclusion: The Future of Punishment? Prisons and the Penal Crisis Overview The Aims and Functions of Imprisonment Official Aims of Imprisonment Social Functions of Imprisonment The Prison System The Prisons and the Prisoners Privatization The Debate Around Prison Privatization Privatization and the Crisis of Resources Key Phases in Recent Prison Policy-Making 1995-1999: The Security and Control Agenda - Post-Woolf Backlash 1999-2002: 'Decency Agenda' and 'Effectiveness Credo' - The Quest for a Balanced Approach 2002-2006: Keeping the Lid On - Pragmatism Reasserts Itself 2006-2012: Where do we go From Here? The Prison System and its Crises The Managerial Crisis The Crises of Containment and Security The Prison Numbers Crisis and the Problem of Overcrowding The Crisis of Conditions The Crises of Control and Authority The Crisis of Accountability The Crisis of Legitimacy and How to Tackle it Early Release: The Penal System's Safety Valve Early Release: Useful, Controversial, Troublesome History of Early Release From Remission to Automatic Early Release Parole (Discretionary Early Release) Early Release Today Fixed-term (Determinate) Sentences Extended Sentences (Extended Determinate Sentences) Life Imprisonment and Imprisonment for Public Protection The Parole Board Conclusion: Early Release Evaluated The Youth Justice System Young People, Crime and the Penal Crisis Responding to Youth Crime: Models of Youth Justice The Welfare Model The Justice Model Minimum Intervention and Systems Management The Restorative Justice Model Neo-Correctionalism Neo-Correctional Youth Justice, 1997 Responding to Youth Crime: the Youth Justice System in Operation Concluding Assessment: No More Excuses? Bias in the Criminal Justice System Introductory Class Race Gender Solving the Crisis? A Grim Fairy Tale Responses to the Crisis, 1970-2006 From Positivism to Law and Order with Bifurcation: 1970-1987 Just Deserts and Punishment in the Community: 1987-1992 Law and Order Reinvigorated: 1993-1997 'Tough On Crime, Tough On the Causes of Crime': New Labour, 1997-2010 Coalition False Dawn: 2010 Onwards How to Solve the Crisis Approaches to the Penal Crisis Measures to Solve the Crisis The Prospects Glossary of Key Terms References Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781446207253
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 400
  • ID: 9781446207253
  • weight: 730
  • ISBN10: 1446207250
  • edition: 5th Revised edition

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