This work by Jurgen Habermas examines the theoretical and philosophical contours of the modern era. It is a work on a theme that concerns a wide range of disciplines, from sociology and politics to philosophy, aesthetics and literary theory. Habermas traces the contemporary critiques of modernity back to their philosophical origins in the work of Marx, Nietzshe, Heidegger and others and shows how the work of these thinkers was to some extents a response to the ideas of reason and reflexive self-understanding, and the the processes of rationalization and modernization, which developed in the course of the 18the and early 19the centuries.
Introduction: Thomas McCarthy Preface 1. Modernity's Consciousness of Time and Its Need for Self-Reassurance 2. Hegel's Concept of Modernity Excursus on Schiller's "Letters on the Aesthetic Education of Man" 3. Three Perspectives: Left Hegelians, Right Hegelians, and Nietzsche Excursus on the Obsolence of the Production Paradigm 4. The Entry into Postmodernity: Nietzsche as a Turning Point 5. The Entwinement of Myth and Enlightenment: Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno 6. The Undermining of Western Rationalism through the Critique of Metaphysics: Martin Heidegger 7. Beyond a Temporalized Philosophy of Origins: Jacques Derrida's Critique of Phonocentrism Excursus on Leveling the Genre Distinction between Philosophy and Literature 8. Between Eroticism and General Economics: Georges Bataille 9. The Critique of Reason as an Unmasking of the Human Sciences: Michael Foucault 10. Some Questions Concerning the Theory of Power: Foucault Again 11. An Alternative Way out of the Philosophy of the Subject: Communicative versus Subject-Centred Reason Excursus on Cornelius Castoriadis: The Imaginary Institution 12. The Normative Content of Modernity Excursus on Luhmann's Appropriation of the Philosophy of the Subject through Systems Theory Notes Name Index Subject and Title Index.