The Political Economy of Managed Migration: Nonstate Actors, Europeanization, and the Politics of Designing Migration Policies
By: Georg Menz (author)Paperback
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European governments have re-discovered labour migration, but are eager to be perceived as controlling unsolicited forms of migration, especially through asylum and family reunion. The emerging paradigm of managed migration combines the construction of more permissive channels for desirable and actively recruited labour migrants with ever more restrictive approaches towards asylum seekers. Non-state actors, especially employer organizations, trade unions, and humanitarian non-governmental organisations, attempt to shape regulatory measures, but their success varies depending on organizational characteristics. Labour market interest associations' lobbying strategies regarding quantities and skill profile of labour migrants will be influenced by the respective system of political economy they are embedded in. Trade unions are generally supportive of well-managed labour recruitment strategies. But migration policy-making also proceeds at the European Union (EU) level.
While national actors seek to upload their national model as a blueprint for future EU policy to avoid costly adaptation, top-down Europeanization is re-casting national regulation in important ways, notwithstanding highly divergent national regulatory philosophies. Based on field work in and analysis of primary documents from six European countries (France, Italy, United Kingdom, Ireland, Germany, and Poland) this book makes an important contribution to the study of a rapidly Europeanized policy domain. Combining insights from the literature on comparative political economy, Europeanization, and migration studies, the book makes important contributions to all three, while demonstrating how migration policy can be fruitfully studied by employing tools from mainstream political science, rather than treating it as a distinct subfield.
Georg Menz is Senior Lecturer in Political Economy at Goldsmiths College, London. He has served as Chateaubriand Fellow at the National Foundation for Political Science in Paris, as DAAD Fellow at Humboldt Universitat Berlin and Jean Monnet Fellow at the European University Institute. He is the author of "Varieties of Capitalism and Europeanization" (OUP 2005), which won the UACES Best Book Award in European Studies in 2006, and co-editor of "Internalizing Globalization" (Palgrave 2005). His work has been published in the Journal of European Public Policy, Journal of European Social Policy, German Politics, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies and Politique europeenne. He is currently co-editing a study of labour migration to Europe.
1. Managing Migration: Political Economies, Non-State Actors and Multiple Arenas ; 2. Legacies of the Past and Currents of Change: Conundrums over Migration and Asylum ; 3. National Actors and European Solutions: The Contours of Conflict ; 4. Political Battles at Home and in Brussels: Labor migration and Asylum Policy in Established Countries of Immigration: France, the United Kingdom and Germany ; 5. Contested Areas of Sovereignty: Labor Migration and Asylum Policy in New Countries of Immigration: Ireland, Italy, and Poland ; 6. Managed Migration, Populism and Pragmatism
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