The assumption that humans are cognitively and morally superior to other animals is fundamental to social democracies and legal systems worldwide. It legitimises treating members of other animal species as inferior to humans. The last few decades have seen a growing awareness of this issue, as evidence continues to show that individuals of many other species have rich mental, emotional and social lives. Bringing together leading experts from a range of disciplines, this volume identifies the key barriers to a definition of moral respect that includes nonhuman animals. It sets out to increase concern, empathy and inclusiveness by developing strategies that can be used to protect other animals from exploitation in the wild and from suffering in captivity. The chapters link scientific data with normative and philosophical reflections, offering unique insight into controversial issues around the ethical, political and legal status of other species.
Raymond Corbey is Professor of Philosophy and Anthropology at Tilburg University and Leiden University, The Netherlands. He has a keen interest in animal cognition and human-animal relations in various settings, ranging from hominin evolution and extant foraging peoples to the globalized economy. He is the author of The Metaphysics of Apes, also published by Cambridge University Press (2005). Annette Lanjouw is Vice President for Strategic Initiatives and the Great Apes Program at the Arcus Foundation, the largest private funder of great ape conservation and sanctuaries in the world. She has studied bonobos, chimpanzees and gorillas in the wild, and currently brings her experience in the areas of behavioral ecology, conservation strategy, organizational management, institutional development and policy to her work across Africa and SE Asia.
List of contributors; Preface; Introduction: between exploitation and respectful coexistence Raymond Corbey and Annette Lanjouw; Part I. Moving Beyond Speciesism: 1. How speciesism undermines compassionate conservation and social justice Marc Bekoff; 2. The rights of sentient beings: moving beyond old and new speciesism Joan Dunayer; 3. Indexically yours: why being human is more like being here than like being water David Livingstone Smith; 4. Apeism and racism: reasons and remedies Edouard Machery; 5. 'Race' and species in the post-WW2 United Nations discourse on human rights Raymond Corbey; 6. Addressing the animal-industrial complex Richard Twine; Part II. Sentience and Agency: 7. Humans, dolphins and moral inclusivity Lori Marino; 8. The expression of grief in monkeys, apes and other animals Barbara J. King; 9. Great ape mindreading: what's at stake? Kristin Andrews; 10. Intersubjective engagements without theory of mind: a cross-species comparison Daniel Hutto; 11. 'Unnatural behaviour': obstacle or insight at the species interface? Lucy Birkett and William McGrew; 12. Animals as persons in Sumatra Jet Bakels; 13. Interspecies love: being and becoming with a common ant, Ectatomma ruidum (Roger) Eben Kirksey; Part III. Towards Respectful Coexistence: 14. Social minds and social selves: redefining the human-alloprimate interface Agustin Fuentes; 15. The human-macaque interface in the Sulawesi Highlands Erin Riley; 16. The fabric of life: linking conservation and welfare Annette Lanjouw; 17. Home flocks: deindustrial domestications on the coop tour Molly Mullin; 18. Entangled empathy: an alternative approach to animal ethics Lori Gruen; 19. Extending human research protections to nonhuman animals Hope Ferdowsian and Chong Choe; 20. The capacity of nonhuman animals for legal personhood and legal rights Steven Wise; Afterword Jon Stryker; References; Index.