From the sixteenth century, classical texts enabled Scottish and English authors and artists to imagine the character and appearance of their forebears and to consider the relevance of these ideas to their contemporaries. Richard Hingley's study crosses traditional academic boundaries by exploring sources usually separately addressed by historians, classicists, archaeologists, and geographers, to provide a new perspective on the origin of English and Scottish
identity. His book is the first full exploration of these issues to cover such a long period in the development of British society and to relate ideas derived from Roman sources to the development of empire, while also placing ideas of origin in a European context. It is illustrated throughout with artefact
drawings, site plans, and photographs.
Richard Hingley is Reader in Archaeology at the University of Durham.
Introduction ; 1. 'Made and not born civill' ; 2. A wall to separate the barbarians from the Romans ; 3. 'A colony so fertile' ; 4. 'The Roman occupation of Britain and our own occupation of India' ; Afterword