The deterioration of employment
conditions for an increasing number of employees in late capitalism has
prompted researchers to find ways to conceptualise, as well as measure, these observed new tendencies. This book examines precarious employment in Europe through the economic crisis, drawing on two main sources: theories of how the financial and debt crisis coupled with labour market reforms to exacerbate precarity in the workforce; and data from the European Labour Force Survey from 2005-12, capturing various aspects of precarious employment. It also includes a detailed discussion of policy developments in a series of EU countries, with the aim of demonstrating how precarity has been directly linked with certain
labour market reforms implemented both before and after the crisis. The authors conclude that the crisis and the labour market reforms represent significant pillars of the strategy used by states and employers to
respond to the crisis, as well as promote their competitiveness agenda. The
reduction of labour costs and the promotion of higher flexibility are
the ultimate goals of that strategy, but the side-effects include an inability
to provide high quality jobs to a growing number of people, especially young
people. The authors also capture the extent of precarious
employment, providing comparable evidence
across EU countries.
Ilias Livanos is a Labour Market Expert at the Department for Skills and the Labour Market at the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, Greece. His expertise covers the wider area of applied economics, in particular labour economics, education economics and industrial relations. Orestis Papadopoulos is a Lecturer in Human Resource Management and Industrial Relations at Keele University, UK. His research interests include comparative political economy, institutional analysis, trade unions politics, European policies, political ideologies and qualitative research methods.
ForewordIntroduction Chapter One: Theory, Concepts and EU Context Chapter Two: Definitions, Measurements and EU Empirical Analysis Discussion