The Routledge Handbook of the Polar Regions is an authoritative guide to the Arctic and the Antarctic through an exploration of key areas of research in the physical and natural sciences and the social sciences and humanities. It presents 38 new and original contributions from leading figures and voices in polar research, policy and practice, as well as work from emerging scholars.
This handbook aims to approach and understand the Polar Regions as places that are at the forefront of global conversations about some of the most pressing contemporary issues and research questions of our age. The volume provides a discussion of the similarities and differences between the two regions to help deepen understanding and knowledge. Major themes and issues are integrated in the comprehensive introduction chapter by the editors, who are top researchers in their respective fields. The contributions show how polar researchers engage with contemporary debates and use interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary approaches to address new developments as well as map out exciting trajectories for future work in the Arctic and the Antarctic.
The handbook provides an easy access to key items of scholarly literature and material otherwise inaccessible or scattered throughout a variety of specialist journals and books. A unique one-stop research resource for researchers and policymakers with an interest in the Arctic and Antarctic, it is also a comprehensive reference work for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.
Mark Nuttall is Professor and Henry Marshall Tory Chair of Anthropology at the University of Alberta, Canada. Torben R. Christensen is Professor of Arctic Biogeochemistry at Aarhus University, Denmark. Martin J. Siegert is Professor of Geosciences, Imperial College London, UK.
List of figures List of tables List of Contributors Introduction: Locating the Polar Regions - Mark Nuttall, Torben R. Christensen and Martin J. Siegert Part One: Circumpolar Worlds Exploring and Mapping the Arctic: Histories of Discovery and Knowledge - John McCannon Exploring and Mapping the Antarctic: Histories of Discovery and Knowledge - Ursula Rack The Arctic in Literature and the Popular Imagination - Heidi Hansson The Antarctic in Literature and the Popular Imagination - Elizabeth Leane Self-Determination and Indigenous Governance in the Arctic - Mark Nuttall Indigenous Cartographies of Arctic Spaces and Places - Kaitlin Young Circumpolar Health and Well-being - Helle Moller Education in the Arctic: Trends, Challenges and Possibilities - Andrew Hodgkins Historical Sites and Heritage in the Polar Regions - Dag Avango Part Two: Polar Environments Biodiversity in the Polar Regions in a Warming World - Hans Meltofte The Geological Histories of Polar Environments - Tom Jordan Polar Oceans and their Global Significance - Rory Bingham Polar Sea Ice as a Barometer and Driver of Change - Jeremy Wilkinson and Julienne Stroeve The Current Health of Polar Ice Sheets and Implications for Sea Level - Mal McMillan Polar Climatology and Evidence for Global Warming - Gareth Marshall Post Last Glacial Maximum Processes in the Polar Regions - Pippa Whitehouse Biogeochemical Cycling in Glacial Environments - Elizabeth A. Bagshaw Permafrost Dynamics - Margareta Johansson Polar Feedbacks in a Changing Climate - Richard Hodgkins Part Three: Polar Politics and Resource Futures The Antarctic Treaty, Territorial Claims and a Continent for Science - Klaus Dodds The Polar Regions and the Law of the Sea - Donald R. Rothwell The Arctic Council: Governance and International Relations - Timo Koivurova National Antarctic Programmes: the Politics-Science Interface - Anita Dey Nuttall Sustainable Development and Sustainability in Arctic Political Discourses - Birger Poppel Indigeneity, Sovereignty and Arctic Indigenous Internationalism - Jessica Shadian Geopolitics and Security in the Arctic - Andreas Osthagen Polar Tourism: Status, Trends, Futures - Emma J. Stewart and Daniela Liggett Consulting Arctic Energy: from Political Hearings to Roundtable Events - Arthur Mason Social and Environmental Impact Assessments in the Arctic - Anne Merrild Hansen, Sanne Vamme Larsen and Bram Noble Northern Fisheries - Alf Hakon Hoel The Future of Antarctica: Minerals, Bioprospecting and Fisheries - Sanjay Chaturvedi Conservation and Environmental Governance in the Polar Regions - Mark Nuttall Part Four: Polar Scientific Frontiers Polar Technology and Scientific Discovery: Exploring the Great Ice Sheets through Geophysics - Martin J. Siegert Looking into the Past: Ice and Sediment Cores - Robert McKay Subglacial Access and Investigation - Keith Makinson Upper Atmosphere Physics and Chemistry - Sheila Kirkwood Ocean-Land Interactions and the Arctic Carbon Cycle - Frans-Jan Parmentier Back to the Future: Detecting Past Arctic Change and Investing in Future Observations - Terry V. Callaghan, Margareta Johansson and Nadya Matveyeva