The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook for Critical Thinking (Elements of Philosophy)

The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook for Critical Thinking (Elements of Philosophy)

By: Noel Hendrickson (author), Daniel E. Flage (author), William O'Meara (author), William Hawk (author), St. Kirk Amant (author)Paperback

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Just as The Elements of Style provides a quick and authoritative reference for writers, The Rowman & Littlefield Handbook for Critical Thinking provides a quick and authoritative reference for issues regarding reasoning. The Handbook provides clear and succinct discussions of the following issues: * Issues germane to clarifying sentences: ambiguity, vagueness, and propositional attitudes * General discussions of descriptions, explanations, and arguments * Criteria for evaluating observational statements and testimony * Categorical syllogisms, including issues germane to both the Boolean and Aristotelian interpretations * A complete system of propositional logic and a brief discussion of the use of truth tables * Induction: generalization and particularization arguments, analogies, arguments to the best explanation, Mill's Methods, counterfactual reasoning, and making decisions under risk and uncertainty * A brief discussion of the principle formulas involved in calculating probabilities * An extended discussion of informal fallacies * An essay on the relationship between critical thinking and writing

About Author

Daniel E. Flage is professor of philosophy at James Madison University. His previous publications have been in critical thinking, logic, and history of modern philosophy. Noel Hendrickson is assistant professor of philosophy at James Madison University. He has previously published papers in analytic metaphysics and action theory. His current research focuses on counterfactual reasoning and reasoning methods in intelligence analysis. Kirk St. Amant is associate professor of technical communication and rhetoric at Texas Tech University. His previous publications have focused on intercultural communication, computer-mediated communication, and online education. William O'Meara is professor of philosophy at James Madison University. His previous publications include co-authoring the James Madison Test in Critical Thinking, editing an introductory reader in philosophy as well as writing articles in American Philosophy, Phenomenology, and Karl Marx. William J. Hawk is professor of philosophy and head of the department of philosophy and religion at James Madison University. His previous publications include articles in ethics and political philosophy specifically having to do with pacifism.


Part 1 Introduction Part 2 Chapter 1: Word Hazards: Statements, Ambiguity, and Vagueness Chapter 3 A Logical Digression: Propositional Attitudes Part 4 Chapter 2: Complex Passages: Descriptions, Explanations, and Arguments Chapter 5 Odd words Chapter 6 A Logical Digression: How not to distinguish induction from deduction, or why the valid/inductive distinction is better Part 7 Chapter 3: Finding Arguments Part 8 Chapter 4: Grounding Statements in Fact: Observation, Testimony, and Other Arguments based upon Criteria Chapter 9 Criteria for evaluating observation statements Chapter 10 Criteria for evaluating testimony Part 11 Chapter 5: Deduction: Categorical Syllogisms Chapter 12 Conversion, Obversion, Contraposition Chapter 13 Categorical Syllogisms Chapter 14 a. A Logical Digression: Venn Diagrams Chapter 15 b. A Logical Digression: Conditional Validity Chapter 16 c. Odd Words Chapter 17 Enthymemes Part 18 Chapter 6: Arguments Based upon Propositions Chapter 19 Statement Forms Chapter 20 a. A Logical Digression: Symbols and Truth Table Definitions Chapter 21 Argument Forms Chapter 22 a. Logical Digression: Truth Tables for Testing the Validity of Arguments Chapter 23 b. Odd Words: Tautology, Contradiction, Contingent Statement Chapter 24 Logical Equivalences Chapter 25 a. A Logical Digression: Demonstrating the Equivalences with Truth Tables Part 26 Chapter 7: Probability Calculations Chapter 27 Theories of Probability Chapter 28 a. Odd Words: Relative Frequency and Subjective Theories Chapter 29 Rules of Probability Part 30 Chapter 8: Generalizations and Particularizations Chapter 31 Generalization Arguments Chapter 32 a. A Logical Digression: Surveys and Opinion Polls Chapter 33 Particularization Arguments Part 34 Chapter 9: Analogical Arguments Chapter 35 Analogical Arguments Chapter 36 a. A Logical Digression: Analogical Arguments vs. Generalization and Particularization Arguments Part 37 Chapter 10: Evaluating Hypotheses: Inference to Best Explanation Chapter 38 Likelihood Chapter 39 Explanatory Power Chapter 40 Simplicity Chapter 41 Novelty Chapter 42 Appropriate Explanatory Content Chapter 43 Summary of Factors in Evaluating Explanatory Inferences Chapter 44 Explanatory Inferences, Confirmation, Disconfirmation, and Bayes's Theorem Part 45 Chapter 11: Causal Inferences Chapter 46 Mill's Methods of Causal Inference Chapter 47 Probabilistic Method of Causal Inference Chapter 48 Counterfactual Method of Causal Inference Part 49 Chapter 12: Counterfactual Reasoning Chapter 50 Supporting Counterfactual Claims Chapter 51 a. A Logical Digression: Counterfactual Fallacies Part 52 Chapter 13: Decisions Under Risk Chapter 53 Utility Chapter 54 Decision-Making Under Risk With One Factor Chapter 55 Decision-Making Under Risk With Multiple Factors Part 56 Chapter 14: Decisions Under Uncertainty Chapter 57 Universal Principles for Decisions Under Uncertainty Chapter 58 Further Principles for Decisions Under Multilateral Uncertainty Chapter 59 Further Principles for Decisions Under Unilateral Uncertainty Part 60 Chapter 15: Informal Fallacies Chapter 61 Fallacies of Ambiguity Chapter 62 Fallacies of Relevance Chapter 63 Fallacies of Presumption Chapter 64 Fallacies of Weak Induction Part 65 Chapter 16: Critical Writing: An Audience-Centered Approach to Critical Thinking Chapter 66 Examining Critical Writing: A Rhetorical Approach Chapter 67 Selecting the Appropriate Forum Chapter 68 Establishing Presentation Objectives Chapter 69 Establishing Initial Credibility Chapter 70 Screening Content for Inclusion Chapter 71 Considering Sources of Information Chapter 72 Identifying Content Areas Chapter 73 Grouping Information for Readers Chapter 74 Organizing Information within the Forum Chapter 75 Externalizing Ideas: A Final Perspective Part 76 Bibliography

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780742559790
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 168
  • ID: 9780742559790
  • weight: 263
  • ISBN10: 0742559793

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