About the Author
Hongsheng Yang has long been engaged in research on the biology and ecology of sea cucumber, ecological immunology, facilities and techniques for culture and stock enhancement of sea cucumber and artificial reef evaluation and resource restoration techniques. He participated in drafting many national strategy planning documents including the "Eleventh Five-Year plan", "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", "Marine agriculture" special plan of the Ministry of Science and Technology and "Conservation and sustainable use of marine biological resources", the National Ocean and Technology Development Strategy, Program for Marine Development by Reliance on Science and Technology and several other regional development strategy plans of Shandong Province and Qingdao City. He has published over 100 papers, authorized more than 20 patents and presided over formulating a national industry standard. Annie Mercier is leading a research program focused on fundamental and applied aspects of benthic invertebrate ecology at the Department of Ocean Sciences of Memorial University (Canada). Her specific areas of expertise include: 1) chronobiology and phenology, centered on the drivers of gamete release, larval development, settlement, growth and activity cycles; 2) evolutionary ecology, chiefly offspring size and dispersal of marine organisms with complex life histories; 3) biology/conservation of ecologically and commercially important marine species, including the study of deep-sea corals as biogenic habitats and the management and conservation of sea cucumbers. To date, she has published over 100 peer-reviewed articles, book chapters and technical papers, and she has co-edited 2 scientific books. Prior to her faculty position at Memorial University, Annie Mercier was conducting research in the Indo-Pacific islands. As echinoderm specialists, she and her husband Jean-Francois Hamel worked with international organizations (FAO, IUCN, CITES) and foreign institutions on a number of issues related to the so called "sea cucumber crisis." Their work on the fundamental biology and reproductive habits of key commercial sea cucumbers in the Solomon Islands, the Marshall Islands, Ecuador, Brazil and Mexico has facilitated the development of aquaculture programs. Collaborations have been established with researchers and laboratories in these and other countries and, to this day, they continue to work on sea cucumber ecology and management in Canada and abroad. Aside from being passionate scientists and fierce advocates of marine resources conservation, the husband and wife team have developed a solid reputation as writers-photographers. Their abundantly illustrated articles on wildlife, diving, aquarium hobby, travel destinations and environmental issues have been published in dozens of magazines around the world. They also write popular books and are periodically involved in the production of film documentaries.