Part 1 Brief historical background: Stalinism; the "Thaw"; re-Stalinization or "Stagnation". Part 2 The sociology of economic reform: social conditions and pre-assumptions of reform; economic management on the eve of reform; the socio-economic basis of restructuring; the social consequences of restructuring. Part 3 A social policy and its problems: the new social policy; development and realization of abilities; income distribution policy; regulation of the consumer market; the development of social guarantees. Part 4 The social management of restructuring. Part 5 Political conditions for success: democratization and openness; restructuring political institutions. Part 6 1989 as the first year of the radical restructuring of Soviet society - a postscript.