In 1927, Chiang Kai-shek - the head of China's military academy and leader of the Kuomintang (KMT) - began the `northern expeditions' to bring China's northern territories back under the control of the state. It was during this period that the KMT purged communist activities, fractured the army and sparked the Chinese Civil War - which would rage for over twenty years. The communists, led by General Mao Tse-Tsung, were for much of the period forced underground and concentrated in the Chinese countryside. As the author argues, this resulted in China's war featuring unusually high levels of espionage and sabotage, and increased the military importance of information gathering. Based on newly declassified material, Panagiotis Dimitrakis charts the double-crossings, secret meetings and bloody assassinations which would come to define China's future. Uniquely, The Secret War for China gives equal weighting to the role of foreign actors: the role of British intelligence in unmasking Communist International (Comintern) agents in China, for example, and the allies' attempts to turn nationalist China against the Japanese. The Secret War for China also documents the clandestine confrontation between Mao and Chiang and the secret negotiations between Chiang and the Axis Powers, whose forces he employed against the CCP once the Second World War was over. In his turn, Mao employed nationalist forces who had defected - during the last three years of the civil war about 105 out of 869 KMT generals defected to the CCP. This book is an urgent and necessary guide to the intricacies of the Chinese Civil War, a war which decisively shaped the modern Asian world.
Panagiotis Dimitrakis holds a doctorate in War Studies from King's College London, and is an expert on intelligence and military history. He is the author of The Secret War in Afghanistan (I.B.Tauris, 2013), and Military Intelligence in Cyprus: From the Great War to Middle East Crises (I.B.Tauris, 2010) amongst others.
Table of Contents:AbbreviationsAcknowledgementsIntroduction: Suspect Everyone1. Spies Unleashed2. Failed Campaigns3. Shadowing the Comintern4. Lawrence of Manchuria5. The Unparalleled Intelligence Failure6. Rogue Spymasters7. Learning the Ropes of Espionage8. The 'C'9. The Secret Strategy10. A mole in Mao's office11. Murderous Intrigues12. The Antagonists13. The Kremlin's Spies14. Our Man in Yenan15. Into Manchuria16. An American General 17. The Japanese Friends18. The Russian Operatives19. Uranium20. Spying on the Cousin21. The One-Eyed Lieutenant-General22. Secret Sources23. Guy Burgess the Spy24. Spies' Warnings25. Stalin fears26. HMS AmethystAftermath: 'Your Future is Very Dark'NotesBibliographyIndex