The Sense of Hearing is a truly accessible introduction to auditory perception, addressing the fundamental aspects of hearing. Thoroughly revised throughout, this edition reflects recent discoveries in the field, and includes additional coverage of the neural basis of hearing. The book introduces the nature of sound and the spectrum, and the anatomy and physiology of the auditory system, before discussing basic auditory processes including frequency selectivity, loudness and pitch perception, temporal resolution, and sound localization. Subsequent chapters show how complex processes such as perceptual organization, speech perception, and music perception are dependent on the initial analysis that occurs when sounds enter the ear. The book concludes with coverage of how hearing impairment can provide an insight into disorders of the auditory system.
Featuring student-friendly resources including an overview of research techniques, an extensive glossary of technical terms, and over 150 original illustrations, The Sense of Hearing offers a clear introduction and an essential resource for students and educators involved in this challenging field.
Christopher J. Plack is Ellis Llwyd Jones Professor of Audiology at the University of Manchester and Professor of Auditory Neuroscience at Lancaster University.
Preface 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Why Study Hearing? 1.2 About This Book 2 THE NATURE OF SOUND 2.1 What Is Sound? 2.2 A Tone for Your Sins 2.3 The Spectrum 2.4 Complex Tones and Noise 2.5 Modulated Waveforms 2.6 Summary 2.7 Reading 3 PRODUCTION, PROPAGATION, AND PROCESSING 3.1 Sound Sources and Resonance 3.2 Propagation 3.3 Signal Processing 3.4 Digital Signals 3.5 Summary 3.6 Reading 4 A JOURNEY THROUGH THE AUDITORY SYSTEM 4.1 From Air to Ear 4.2 The Cochlea 4.3 Transduction 4.4 The Auditory Nerve 4.5 From Ear to Brain (and Back) 4.6 Summary 4.7 Reading 5 FREQUENCY SELECTIVITY 5.1 The Importance of Frequency Selectivity 5.2 Frequency Selectivity on the Basilar Membrane 5.3 Neural Frequency Selectivity 5.4 Psychophysical Measurements 5.5 Summary 5.6 Reading 6 LOUDNESS AND INTENSITY CODING 6.1 The Dynamic Range of Hearing 6.2 Loudness 6.3 How Is Sound Intensity Represented in the Auditory Nervous System? 6.4 Comparisons Across Frequency and Across Time 6.5 Summary 6.6 Reading 7 PITCH AND PERIODICITY CODING 7.1 Pitch 7.2 How Is Periodicity Represented? 7.3 How Is Periodicity Extracted? 7.4 Summary 7.5 Reading 8 HEARING OVER TIME 8.1 Temporal Resolution 8.2 The Perception of Modulation 8.3 Combining Information Over Time 8.4 Summary 8.5 Reading 9 SPATIAL HEARING 9.1 Using Two Ears 9.2 Escape from the Cone of Confusion 9.3 Judging Distance 9.4 Reflections and the Perception of Space 9.5 Summary 9.6 Reading 10 THE AUDITORY SCENE 10.1 Principles of Perceptual Organization 10.2 Simultaneous Grouping 10.3 Sequential Grouping 10.4 Summary 10.5 Reading 11 SPEECH 11.1 Speech Production 11.2 Problems with the Speech Signal 11.3 Speech Perception 11.4 Neural Mechanisms 11.5 Summary 11.6 Reading 12 MUSIC 12.1 What Is Music? 12.2 Melody 12.3 Harmony 12.4 Timing 12.5 Musical Scene Analysis 12.6 Culture and Experience 12.7 Why Does Music Exist? 12.8 Summary 12.9 Reading 13 HEARING IMPAIRMENT 13.1 What Is Hearing Impairment? 13.2 Types of Hearing Impairment 13.3 Cochlear Hearing Loss 13.4 Tinnitus and Hyperacusis 13.5 Diagnosis 13.6 Management Options 13.7 Summary 13.8 Reading 14 CONCLUDING REMARKS 14.1 In Praise of Diversity 14.2 What We Know 14.3 What We Don't Know Appendix: Researching the Ear A.1 Human Psychoacoustics A.2 Signal Detection Theory A.3 Human Electrophysiology A.4 Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging A.5 Animal Physiology A.6 Animal Psychoacoustics A.7 Ethical Issues