How is work divided up in the household, within an industry, a nation or between continents? What are the dynamics of the division of labour? The wide-ranging contributions to this book explore these questions from technological, capital and political perspectives. They include in-depth studies of gender, the firm, countries' economic specializations, ICTs, foreign direct investment and agriculture. In this book, ten distinguished contributors - economists, scholars and practitioners - take stock of the shape of the division of labour and provide useful policy recommendations.
The Shape of the Division of Labour will interest researchers and students of international economics, labour economics, international trade and finance, as well as economists and public policy advisers and analysts.
Edited by Robert M. Solow, Institute Professor Emeritus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, US, Co-founder and Chairman, Cournot Foundation, Paris, France and Jean-Philippe Touffut, Director, Cournot Centre, Paris, France
Contents: Preface Introduction: The Moving Lines of the Division of Labour Robert M. Solow and Jean-Philippe Touffut 1. The Changing Global Economic Landscape: The Factors that Matter Jan Fagerberg 2. How Global is Foreign Direct Investment and What Can Policymakers Do About It? Stylized Facts, Knowledge Gaps, and Selected Policy Instruments Peter Nunnenkamp 3. Labour Market Frictions as a Source of Comparative Advantage: Implications for Unemployment and Inequality Elhanan Helpman 4. Exports of Knowledge-intensive Services and Manufactures: The Role of ICTs and Intersectoral Linkages Valentina Meliciani 5. How Integrated are Chinese and Indian Labour into the World Economy? Richard N. Cooper 6. The Changing Sexual Division of Labour Shelly Lundberg 7. Round Table Discussions: How Do Nations Adapt to Changes in the Division of Labour? Bina Agarwal, Martin Baily, Jean-Louis Beffa and Robert M. Solow Index