This book provides an assessment of how people of color in the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area have been set apart from the white Canadian majority. The book clearly demonstrates that the spatial and social distance of people of color from the white Canadian majority has varied. Such variation, resulting from ideology and the differential incorporation of people of color (most of whom are immigrants), has resulted in spatial stratification and differential racial inequality in the housing and labor markets. While many Canadian works attribute racial inequality to internal characteristics of ethnic groups, including visible minorities, this book argues instead that visible minorities are racialized and subjected to structural and institutional factors related to white supremacy ideology. It is the most comprehensive work on the status of people of color in Toronto. It will be of interest to researchers, students, policy-makers, and community groups concerned about incorporating new immigrants into Canada's largest metropolis. The book is especially relevant for courses in Canadian studies, race and ethnic studies, urban studies, sociology, and urban planning.
Joe T. Darden is Professor of Geography at Michigan State University and former Dean of Urban Affairs Programs from 1984 to 1997. He is also a former Fulbright Scholar, Department of Geography, University of Toronto, 1997-1998. Dr. Darden's research interests are urban social geography, residential segregation, and socioeconomic neighborhood inequality in multi-racial societies. His books include Afro-Americans in Pittsburgh: The Residential Segregation of a People (D.C. Health & Co., 1973); and the co-authored Detroit: Race and Uneven Development (Temple University Press, 1987). Dr. Darden has collaborated with various researchers in Toronto since 1991.
Preface by James Jennings; Toronto: Ideology and the Shaping of a Metropolis; Immigration and People of Color (Impact of a Racist Immigration Policy, pre-1962; Organized Opposition against Racist Canadian Immigration Policy; Changes in Canadian Immigration Policy - from Racial Bias to Class Bias Criteria); Residential Segregation and Racial Inequality (Demographic and Socioeconomics Characteristics; Spatial Distribution; Residential Segregation; Homeownership, Employment, Unemployment rates) - The Chinese; South Asians; Blacks; Filipinos; Arab/West Asians; Latin Americans; Southeast Asians (Vietnamese); Koreans and the Japanese; The Aboriginals; Racial Discrimination in Employment (Direct Discrimination; Adverse Effect Discrimination; Addressing Discrimination; Complaints; Evolving Perspectives; Legal Protection; Selected Cases; Difficulty of Proving Racial Discrimination; Past Studies; Defining Visible Minorities; Employment Equity in Ontario; Repeal of Employment Equity Act; Ontario Equal Opportunity Plan; Employment Equity in the New City of Toronto); Racial Discrimination in Housing (Before and After the Ontario Human Rights Code; Detecting Housing-Related Discrimination; Fair Housing Audit Method); Conclusions: Differential Residential Segregation and Racial Inequality: Implications for Anti-discrimination and Equity Policies (Neighborhood Socioeconomic Inequality; Spatial distribution across Socioeconomic Classes Neighborhoods; Homeownership; Employment; Unemployment Rates; Policy Implications for Employment and Housing); Bibliography; Index