Long before England established a serious presence in the New World, Spain had already established an overseas Empire. In North America, this included vast tracts of territory including most of what today comprises the states of Florida, Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas, Alabama, Illinois and California. In later years, as the British and the French came to expand their claims, they often came into conflict with the Spanish. The Spanish also played a significant part during the American Revolution, fighting against the British and drawing off forces needed to fight the Americans. This book covers all of the North American Spanish forces that fought in the campaigns of the 18th century.
Rene Chartrand was born in Montreal and educated in Canada, the United States and the Bahamas. A senior curator with Canada's National Historic Sites for nearly three decades, he is now a freelance writer and historical consultant. He has written numerous articles and books including over 30 Osprey titles. He lives in Gatineau, Quebec, with his wife and two sons. David Rickman is the exhibits co-ordinator for the state parks system, where his favourite projects are helping to restore and furnish both American Civil War and World War II seacoast fortifications. At other times he is a freelance illustrator specializing in historical and ethnographic subjects. His works are in the collections of the National Park Service, Parks Canada and various other museums and historic sites. The son of a US Navy aviator, David has lived in Japan, grew up in California and now lives in Wilmington, Delaware with his wife, Deborah.
Introduction /Background: the captaincies-generals of Spanish North America /Chronology of main actions with participating units /Colonial units: origins, organization, deployments, weapons, uniforms, flags - major reforms under King Carlos III from 1759 - list of units, with emphasis on those that served during American Revolution /Colonial militias