Pertinent to contemporary demands for reparations from Turkey is the relationship between law and property in connection with the Armenian Genocide. This book examines the confiscation of Armenian properties during the genocide and subsequent attempts to retain seized Armenian wealth. Through the close analysis of laws and treaties, it reveals that decrees issued during the genocide constitute central pillars of the Turkish system of property rights, retaining their legal validity, and although Turkey has acceded through international agreements to return Armenian properties, it continues to refuse to do so. The book demonstrates that genocides do not depend on the abolition of the legal system and elimination of rights, but that, on the contrary, the perpetrators of genocide manipulate the legal system to facilitate their plans.
Taner Akcam holds the Kaloosdian and Mugar Chair of Armenian Genocide Studies at Clark University. His best-known books are A Shameful Act: The Armenian Genocide and the Question of Turkish Responsibility (Metropolitan Books, 2006); Judgment at Istanbul: The Armenian Genocide Trials, with Vahakn Dadrian (Berghahn Books, 2011); and The Young Turks' Crime Against Humanity: The Armenian Genocide and Ethnic Cleansing in the Ottoman Empire, (Princeton University Press, 2012), which in 2013 received the Middle East Studies Association's Hourani Book Prize and was listed by Foreign Affairs as "Best International Relations Books of 2012." Umit Kurt is a Ph.D. Candidate in the History Department of Clark University. He is the author of The Great, Hopeless Turkish Race: Fundamentals of Turkish Nationalism in the Turkish Homeland 1911-1916 (Iletisim Publishing House, 2012). He teaches history at Sabanci University in Istanbul. The Jerair Nishanian Foundation generously supported and financed the translation of this book.
Introduction Chapter 1. The Laws and Decrees of the Committee of Union and Progress Period Chapter 2. The Armistice Period and the Returning Armenians Chapter 3. The Turkish Republic Prior to Lausanne Chapter 4. The Treaty of Lausanne: A Turning Point Chapter 5. After Lausanne: The Armenians Remaining Outside of Turkey Chapter 6. Turkey after Lausanne: Virtually Raising a Wall around Its Borders Like a Fortress Chapter 7. Domestic Legal Regulations During the Republican Period Conclusion Bibliography Index