In this companion volume to A White Man's Province
and The Oriental Question, Patricia E. Roy examines the climax
of antipathy to Asians in Canada: the removal of all Japanese Canadians
from the BC coast in 1942. Their free return was not allowed until
1949. Yet the war also brought increased respect for Chinese Canadians;
they were enfranchised in 1947 and the federal government softened its
ban on Chinese immigration.
The Triumph of Citizenship explains why Canada ignored the
rights of Japanese Canadians and placed strict limits on Chinese
immigration. In response, Japanese Canadians and their supporters in
the human rights movement managed to halt "repatriation" to
Japan, and Chinese Canadians successfully lobbied for the same rights
as other Canadians to sponsor immigrants. The final triumph of
citizenship came in 1967, when immigration regulations were overhauled
and the last remnants of discrimination removed.
The Triumph of Citizenship reminds all Canadians of the
values and limits of their citizenship; students of political history
and of ethnic relations in particular will find this book
Patricia E. Roy is professor emerita of History at the University of Victoria and a member of the Royal Society of Canada.
Introduction 1 A Civil Necessity: The Decision to Evacuate 2 Adverse Sentiments beyond the Coast 3 "Repatriation" to Japan and "Non-Repatriation" to British Columbia 4 The Effects of the War on the Chinese 5 Toward First-Class Citizenship for Japanese Canadians, 1945-4 6 Beyond Enfranchisement: Seeking Full Justice for Japanese Canadians 7 Ending Chinese Exclusion: Immigration Policy, 1950-67 Conclusion Epilogue Notes Index