To better understand how high-stakes accountability has influenced teaching and learning, this book takes an in-depth look at the myriad consequences that high-stakes tests hold for students, teachers, administrators, and the public. By focusing on these tests and spending large amounts of time on test preparation and driving teachers to teach low-level, rote memorization, schools are essentially wiping out non-tested subjects such as science, social studies, physical education, and the arts. Although testing is promoted as a strategy for improving education for all, research shows that testing has differential effects on students with special needs, minority students, students living in poverty, and those for whom English is a second language. The Unintended Consequences of High Stakes Testing unpacks the assumptions and philosophical foundations on which testing policies are based. The authors' arguments are grounded in extensive interviews and research. Through an examination of research, these authors show that high-stakes testing promotes students' dependence on extrinsic motivation at the cost of intrinsic motivation and the associated love of learning-which has tangible impacts on their education and lives.
M. Gail Jones is associate professor of middle grades and science education at University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. Brett D. Jones is assistant professor at the University of South Florida, St. Petersburg. Tracy Hargrove is assistant professor of mathematics education in the School of Education at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington.
Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 Chapter 1: Looking through Multiple Lenses: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives of Testing Chapter 3 Chapter 2: How Testing Shapes the Curriculum Chapter 4 Chapter 3: The Impacts of Testing on Teaching Practices Chapter 5 Chapter 4: Truth or Consequences: Preparing for the Tests Chapter 6 Chapter 5: Testing and Student Motivation Chapter 7 Chapter 6: No Child Left Untested: The Impact on Special Populations Chapter 8 Chapter 7: Missing the Mark: Testing and Student Retention Chapter 9 Chapter 8: Who Will Teach? Testing and the Teaching Profession Chapter 10 Chapter 9: Stepping up to the Plate: Symbols of Testing Chapter 11 Chapter 10: Reforming the Reform Chapter 12 Chapter 11: Putting the Pieces Together