The Voluntary City: Markets, Communities and Urban Planning

The Voluntary City: Markets, Communities and Urban Planning

By: Peter Gordon (editor), Alexander Tabarrok (editor), David T. Beito (editor)Hardback

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The Voluntary City assembles a rich history and analysis of large-scale, private and voluntary, community-based provision of social services, urban infrastructure, and community governance to restore the vitality of city life. Such systems provide education, transportation, housing, crime control, parks and recreation, health care, employment, and more, by being more effective, innovative, and responsive than those provided through special-interest politics-as-usual and bureaucracy. ""The Voluntary City"" reveals how the process of providing local public goods through the dynamism of freely competitive, market-based entrepreneurship is unmatched in renewing communities and strengthening the bonds of civil society.

About Author

David T. Beito is Associate Professor at the University of Alabama. He received his Ph.D. in history at the University of Wisconsin in 1986. Professor Beito is the author of Taxpayers in Revolt: Tax Resistance during the Great Depression and From Mutual Aid to the Welfare State: Fraternal Societies and Social Services, 1890-1967. An urban and social historian, he has published in the Journal of Interdisciplinary History, the Journal of Policy History, the Journal of Southern History, and the Journal of Urban History, among other scholarly journals. He is currently writing a biography of Dr. T.R.M. Howard, a black civil rights pioneer, entrepreneur, and mutual-aid leader. Peter Gordon is Professor in the School of Policy, Planning, and Development and in the Department of Economics at the University of Southern California. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Pennsylvania in 1971. Professor Gordon has published in most of the major urban-planning, urban-transportation, and urban-economics journals. He has consulted for local, state, and federal agencies; the World Bank; the United Nations; and many private groups. Professor Gordon is co-editor of the journal Planning and Markets, an all-electronic refereed journal. Alexander Tabarrok is Vice President and Research Director for the Independent Institute. He received his Ph.D. in economics from George Mason University, and he has taught at the University of Virginia and Ball State University. Papers by Dr. Tabarrok have appeared in the Journal of Law and Economics, Public Choice, Economic Inquiry, the Journal of Health Economics, the Journal of Theoretical Politics, and many other journals. He is the editor of Entrepreneurial Economics: Bright Ideas from the Dismal Science. Paul Johnson is the author of more than 30 books, including the classic history of the twentieth century, Modern Times, A History of the American People, The Birth of the Modern, A History of Christianity, and The Civilization of Ancient Egypt. His most recent book is The Renaissance: A Short History. Ramesh Ramanathan, an MBA from Yale School of Management and a former Managing Director of Citibank N.A., is presently based in Bangalore. He is the founder and Campaign Coordinator of Janaagraha, a citizen movement for participatory democracy. Janaagraha's approach is distinguished by its focus on constructive engagement with government, and an emphasis on practical patriotism and professional voluntarism. He is also the Vice-Chairman of Sanghamithra, a microfinance institution, spearheading their urban microfinance program. Ramesh is also the co-author of the book, Urban Poverty Alleviation in India. Ramesh is a member of the Bangalore Agenda Task Force, a public-private partnership initiative of the Chief Minister of the state of Karnataka. Robert C. Arne is a Ph.D. candidate in history at the University of Chicago. He holds a master's degree from the University of Chicago and is preparing a thesis that probes the influence of Herbert Spencer upon modern professional society Bruce L. Benson is DeVoe Moore Distinguished Research Professor of Economics at Florida State University. He received his Ph.D. from Texas A&M University, and he has taught at Pennsylvania State University and Montana State University. Professor Benson has been an Earhart, F. Leroy Hill, and Salvatori Fellow. His research interests focus on law and economics, with emphasis on private alternatives to publicly provided law and legal services, the evolution of legal institutions, and the economics of crime. He has published over one hundred articles in scholarly journals, contributed more than thirty book chapters, and authored four books: The Enterprise of Law; The Economic Anatomy of a Drug War: Criminal Justice in the Commons (with D. Rasmussen); American Antitrust Law in Theory and in Practice (with Melvin L. Greenhut); and the Independent Institute book To Serve and Protect: Privatization and Community in Criminal Justice. Donald J. Boudreaux is Professor of Economics at George Mason University. He received his Ph.D. in economics from Auburn University and his J.D. from the University of Virginia. Professor Boudreaux has taught at Clemson University and George Mason University, and his many scholarly articles have appeared in the Southern Economic Journal, the Arizona Law Review, History of Political Economy, the Supreme Court Economic Review, and Constitutional Political Economy, among many others. Stephen Davies is Senior Lecturer in the Department of History at Manchester Metropolitan University. He received his Ph.D. from the University of St. Andrews in 1984 and has published a number of papers on the history of crime and policing in Western Europe. He is currently at work on two books - a history of nineteenthcentury feminism and a history and analysis of the private provision of public goods in Britain from 1750 to 1850. Fred E. Foldvary received his Ph.D. in economics from George Mason University. He has taught economics at the Latvian University of Agriculture; Virginia Tech; John F. Kennedy University (Walnut Creek, California); California State University at Hayward; the University of California at Berkeley Extension; and Santa Clara University. Professor Foldvary is the author of The Soul of Liberty; Public Goods and Private Communities, and the Dictionary of Free Market Economics. His areas of research include public finance, governance, ethical philosophy, technology, and land economics. He is currently coediting a book, Technology and the Case for Free Enterprise. David G. Green is the Director of CIVITAS: The Institute for the Study of Civil Society. His many books include Power and Party in an English City; Mutual Aid or Welfare State (with L. Cromwell); Working-Class Patients and the Medical Establishment; The New Right: The Counter Revolution in Political, Economic and Social Thought; Reinventing Civil Society; and Delay, Denial and Dilution: The Impact of NHS Rationing on Heart Disease and Cancer (with L. Casper); among others. Randall G. Holcombe is DeVoe Moore Professor of Economics at Florida State University. He received his Ph.D. in economics from Virginia Polytechnic Institute and taught at Texas A&M University and at Auburn University prior to coming to Florida State in 1988. Dr. Holcombe is also Chairman of the Research Advisory Council of the James Madison Institute for Public Policy Studies, a Tallahassee based think tank that specializes in issues facing state governments. He is the author of eight books, including Public Finance and the Political Process; An Economic Analysis of Democracy, and The Economic Foundations of Government, and more than one hundred articles and reviews published in academic and professional journals. His primary areas of research are public finance and the economic analysis of public-policy issues.


Foreword; Paul Johnson; Overview; Ramesh Ramanathan; Contributors; 1. Toward a Rebirth of Civil Society; David T. Beito; * Peter Gordon; * Alexander Tabarrok; PART I - Building the Voluntary City; 2. Laissez-Faire Urban Planning; Stephen Davies; 3. The Private Places of St. Louis: Urban Infrastructure through Private Planning; David T. Beito; * Private Place Development: Initial Stages; * Why St. Louis?; * Coping with Free Riders; * The Private Place as a Community; * The Private Places and Land-Use Regulation; * The Private Place during the Twentieth Century; 4. The Voluntary Provision of Public Goods?; The Turnpike Companies of Early America; Daniel Klein; * Turnpike Creation and Operation; * Unprofitability; * ""Clear from the Beginning""; * The Quest for Indirect Benefits; * A Public-Goods Problem?; * Turnpike Provision; * Towns, Independent and Vigorous; * The Cooperative Citizenry; * Selective Incentives (Social Pressure, etc.); * Conclusion. 5. Entrepreneurial City Planning: Chicago's Central Manufacturing District; Robert C. Arne; * Entrepreneurial Planning in Chicago's Central Manufacturing District; * Entrepreneurial and City Planning Compared; * Conclusion; PART II - Law and Social Services in the Voluntary City; 6. Justice without Government: The Merchant Courts of Medieval Europe and Their Modern Counterparts; Bruce L. Benson; * The Medieval Law Merchant; * The Absorption of the Law Merchant into Royal Law; * The Modern Law Merchant; * The International Law Merchant; * The American Law Merchant; * Non-merchant Influences on the Evolution of Arbitration; * Rent-a-Judge Justice; * Private Courts for Non-commercial Disputes; * Community Conflict Resolution; * Conclusion; 7. The Private Provision of Police during the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries; Stephen Davies; 8. ""This Enormous Army"": The Mutual-Aid Tradition of American Fraternal Societies before the Twentieth Century; David T. Beito; * Confraternities and Guilds; * The Rise of Freemasonry; * British Friendly Societies; * American Fraternal Orders: Initial Development; * The Odd Fellows: The First National Insurance Order; * The National Life Insurance Order; * Conclusion; 9. Medical Care through Mutual Aid: The Friendly Societies of Great Britain; David G. Green; * What Services Did the Friendly Societies Provide?; * Self-Reliance and Mutual Support; * Character Building; * Collectivism without the State; * Participatory Democracy; * Who Were the Members?; * Equality and the ""Rule of Law""; * Medical Care; * Traveling in Search of Work; * Conclusion; 10. Education in the Voluntary City; James Tooley; * Education without the State, Part 1: Nineteenth-Century England and Wales; * Education without the State, Part 2: America; * Education without the State, Part 3: Twenty-First-Century India; * The Federation of Private Schools Management, Hyderabad; * Why Do Poorer Parents Send Their Children to Unaided Private Schools?; * Conclusion; PART III - The Voluntary City and Community; 11. Proprietary Communities and Community Associations; Fred E. Foldvary. * Heath on Proprietary Communities; * MacCallum on Proprietary Communities; * Civic Associations; * Contractual Constitutions and Law; * Community and Entrepreneurship; * Conclusion; 12. Contractual Governments in Theory and Practice; Donald J. Boudreaux; * Randall G. Holcombe; * The Theory of Local Governments; * The Formation of Contractual Governments; * Contractual Governments and Constitutional Rules; * Some Examples of Contractual Governments; * Sawgrass Players Club; * Contractual Governments and Traditional Governments; * Conclusion; 13. Privatizing the Neighborhood: A Proposal to Replace Zoning with Private Collective Property Rights to Existing Neighborhoods; Robert H. Nelson; * The Rise of the Neighborhood Association; * A Proposal: A Five-Step Process; * Advantages over Zoning; * From Zoning to Neighborhood Associations; * The Property-Right School of Zoning; * The Origins of Private Neighborhoods; * Theorizing about Private Neighborhoods; * A Monster Let Loose?; * Neighborhood Associations in Inner-City Areas; * Landowner Associations in Newly Developing Areas; * Suburbanites versus Farmers; * A Proposed Solution; * Secession, Voting Rules, and Provision of Public Services; * Dismantling a Progressive Legacy; * Conclusion; 14. The Case for Land Lease versus Subdivision: Homeowners' Associations Reconsidered; Spencer Heath MacCallum; * Managing the American Subdivision; * ""Catch-22""; * Ebenezer Howard; * Multiple-Tenant Income Properties (MTIPs); * Advantages over Subdivision; * Objections to the Land-Lease Community Idea; * Collectivism and Private Local Government; * Conclusion; PART IV - Epilogue; 15. Market Challenges and Government Failure: Lessons from the Voluntary City; Alexander Tabarrok; * Public-Goods Theory and Practice; * Large-Scale Development and Contracts as Methods of Internalization; * Prices and the Discovery Process; * Motivational Assumptions and the Free-Rider Problem; * Law and Government as Privately Created Public Goods; * Public Goods Created by Neither Government nor Firm; * Education; * The Rise, Fall, and Rise Again (?) of the Voluntary City; * Why the Public Sector Sometimes Remains; * Conclusion; * What Sort of Civilization Do we Want?

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9788171885725
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 502
  • ID: 9788171885725
  • ISBN10: 8171885721

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