Nearly every definition of prayer refers to some type of communication phenomenon, yet most scholars, especially those in the field of communication, have not pursued the study of prayer as communication. This work brings the relational characteristics of communication into contact with the spiritual life of prayer. It employs quantitative and qualitative methodologies to legitimize the study of prayer as a communication phenomenon, create a theoretical model of prayer, provide three empirical tests of the model and apply the model to several different contexts, including health, eastern religions and teaching. The future of communication and prayer research is also considered in terms of theory building, improvements in methodology, and practical applications. This study should be of interest to scholars in the fields of communication, religious studies, psychology and medicine.
Foundations 1 - prayer and communication; foundations 2 - a communication model of prayer; three empirical tests of the relational prayer model - frequency of prayer and relationship with God, frequency of prayer and relational intimacy with God, frequency of prayer, relational intimacy with God and age; prayer and health -prayer as a coping mechanism in the lives of mothers with HIV; prayer and the Holy name - eastern and western spiritual traditions; prayer and the academy - survey of Catholic and Protestant courses on personal prayer; prayer and the future - exploring agendas for prayer research.