This is the first systematic analysis of the intellectual and cultural relationship between Thorstein Veblen and his contemporaries. "Joseph Dorfman's Thorstein Veblen and His America (1934)" is dated and focuses primarily on Veblen's life and thought, and the attention it devotes to his relationship with European intellectuals is sporadic and casual. John P. Diggins Bard of Savagery (1977) emphasizes Veblen's intellectual affinities with Karl Marx and Max Weber and is not a broad-gauged study of an inclusive nature. Louis Schneider's 1950 study of Veblen and the psychoanalytic tradition is even narrower, and says little about European thinkers aside from Freud and his disciples. The above are valuable contributions to Veblen scholarship, but they are different in scope than this study which focuses on twenty or so important humanists and social scientists of Veblen's time.