Allan M. Williams is Professor of Human Geography and European Studies at the University of Exeter. Vladimir Balaz is Senior Researcher at the Institute of Forecasting at the Slovak Academy of Science.
Part 1 Introduction - tourism and transition: transition in Central Europe - path dependency and path creation; tourism and the challenge of transition; global changes in tourism production and consumption; the Czech and Slovak republics - case studies of tourism and transition. Part 2 Economic transition and tourism: central planning and market economies; the twilight years of state-socialism; tourism under state-socialism; the economic transition and tourism; tourism policies during transition; conclusions - uneven and hesitant interventionism. Part 3 Transition and the re-internationalization of markets: changes in international tourism consumption and behaviour; changing domestic and international markets; the challenge of repositioning in international markets; the economic impact of international tourism; conclusions - the role of internationalization. Part 4 The privatization and development of the private sector: privatization - neo-liberalism and "political capitalism"; privatization pathways; tourism at the leading edge of privatization; case studies of tourism privatization; conclusions - privatization as as precondition for market relationships. Part 5 The economic performance of tourism businesses - ownership and corporate governance: introduction - a leading economic sector? tourism in the national accounts; businesses structures and economic outcomes; property rights, management and corporate governance; conclusions - interpreting economic performance. Part 6 Tourism and uneven regional development: tourism and regional restructuring; uneven development during transition - de-industrialization and divergence; the regional structure of tourism; re-internationalization and the changing regional structure of tourism flows; conclusions - tourism and regional divergence versus convergence. Part 7 Consumption - collective provision and commodification: domestic tourism under state-socialism; social tourism vesus commodification during the transformation; changing patterns of domestic tourist preferences; conclusions - new or old pathways in domestic tourism?. Part 8 Conclusions: reflections on tourism in transition; tourism and the state - strategic sector or policy neglect; re-internationalization - global competition and spatial proximity; privatization - property rights and production; tourism and uneven development; consumption - leisure time and tourism as casualties of transition?.