Traffic crashes are one of the ten leading causes of deaths worldwide, and the leading cause of death for young people in the western world - a seemingly necessary evil that accompanies increasing levels of motorization. In this comprehensive 2nd edition of the classic "Traffic Safety and Human Behavior" Dr David Shinar provides a theoretical framework and a critical evaluation of the most recent research findings to comprehend the complexity of traffic safety and the central role that road users - drivers, motorcyclists, bicyclists, and pedestrians play in it. In the new edition of approximately 1000 pages with nearly 300 graphs and tables, Shinar covers the key issues that relate human behavior to traffic safety and the impact that cultural, policy, and technological changes have on them. In particular the new edition covers the increasing roles that pedestrians and cyclists have in the traffic system and the need to accommodate them; the intrusion of infotainment and its role in driver distraction; and the increasing role of crash-prevention and driver assistance systems in changing the driver-vehicle interaction.
Part A - Background, Methods, Models 1. Introduction and Background 2. Research Methods - from basic laboratory to on-road studies 3. Theories and Models of Driver Behavior - information processing and motivational approaches. Part B - Driver capacities and individual differences 4. Vision, Visual Attention, and Visual Search 5. Driver Information processing - Attention, Perception, Reaction Time, and Comprehension 6. Young and Novice Drivers 7. Older Drivers Part C - Driving style 8. Speed and Safety 9. Personality and Aggressive Driving 10. Occupant Protection Part D - Driver temporary impairments 11. Alcohol 12. Drugs 13. Distraction and Inattention 14. Fatigue and Driving Part E - Vulnerable road users 15. Pedestrians 16. Motorcyclists and Other Riders of Powered Two-Wheelers (PTWs) 17. Bicyclists Part F - Crash Causation and Countermeasures 18. Crash Causation 19. Crash Countermeasures and Design of Safety