Depressive illness often becomes chronic or recurrent, and patients may recover only partially. Despite all the new and effective drugs, at least 25 to 35 percent of patients with clear-cut mood disorders do not respond in a satisfactory way even though there can be some relief of symptoms. These chronically ill patients can be identified by careful examination and are characterized by what Badal calls a "predicament." The predicament is caused by a combination of two factors: an intolerably painful and troublesome relationship with a significant other, and a personality deficit that prevents the patient from solving that relationship problem in an acceptable way. When patients do not respond to treatment and their cases become chronic, the doctor-patient relationship must become a long-term therapeutic alliance. The personality problems may require intensive psychodynamic treatment. Combined treatment-i.e., medication, psychosocial intervention, psychotherapy, and rehabilitation-is commonly required for these patients. The appropriate use of medication often makes it possible to conduct a successful psychotherapy. In identifying the problems causing the basic predicament of these chronic patients and successfully bringing them back into the mainstream, psychotherapists should have access to enough details and general principles of pharmacotherapy to evaluate the progress and the effects of the medication, and allow them to communicate intelligently with the person prescribing. Badal addresses five areas of treatment with these cases: The doctor-patient relationship, pharmacological treatment, psychosocial interventions, psychotherapeutic programs, and rehabilitation. He formulates an approach to recognition and treatment of all the various types of these hard-to-treat chronic and refractory mood disorders. A Jason Aronson Book
Daniel W. Badal, M.D., began his research in clinical and laboratory work on depression and other mood disorders at the Massachusetts General Hospital and the Harvard Medical School, and later at the Medical School and at the School of Social Work of the Case Western Reserve University. He continues teaching residents and medical students at Case Western Reserve Medical School. In 1999, Dr. Badal was awarded the American Psychiatric Association Tenth Annual Nancy C. A. Roeske, M.D. Certificate of Recognition for Excellence in Medical Student Teaching. He also teaches on the psychology and psychodynamics of mood disorders and on the use of medication in combination with psychotherapy and psychoanalysis to analytic candidates at the Cleveland Psychoanalytic Institute.
Part 1 PART I: The Predicament and Its Effect on Chronicity Chapter 2 The Predicament-Evolution of the Concept Chapter 3 Definitions and Clinical Descriptions of Chronic Chapter 4 Chronicity in Practice Chapter 5 Review of the Current Literature on Chronicity in Mood Disorders Chapter 6 Identifying the Predicament Using the Multiaxial System of DSM-IV Part 7 PART II: Treatment of Chronic and Refractory Mood Disorders Chapter 8 Treatment Principles and Methods for Chronic Mood Disorders Chapter 9 Case Examples of the Treatment of Chronic Mood Disorders Part 10 Summary and Conclusions Part 11 Appendix I. Medications Currently Used for Treatment of Mood Disorders Part 12 Appendix II. Example of Documentation for Gaining Approval for a Program of Rehabilitation of a Patient with a Chronic Mood Disorder Part 13 Appendix III. Annotated Bibliography