Tu sais, mon vieux Jean-Pierre: Essays on the Archaeology and History of New France and Canadian Culture in Honour of Jean-Pierre Chrestien (Mercury)

Tu sais, mon vieux Jean-Pierre: Essays on the Archaeology and History of New France and Canadian Culture in Honour of Jean-Pierre Chrestien (Mercury)

By: John Willis (editor)Paperback

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Description

Tu sais, mon vieux Jean-Pierre is inspired by the work of archaeologist Jean-Pierre Chrestien (1949-2007), who worked hand-in-glove with a generation of researchers in helping to unearth unexpected and always interesting aspects of New France. Contributions focus first upon the door to New France in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Newfoundland and Acadia. A second set of essays move further up the St. Lawrence and into the heartland of the continent. The final section examines aspects of Canadian culture: popular art, religion and communication. The essays share a curiosity for material culture, a careful regard for detail and nuance that forms the grain of New France studies, and sensitivity to the overall context that is part and parcel of how history proceeds on the local or regional scale. Happily we can now dispense with old-fashioned and facile generalizations about the allegedly absent bourgeoisie, the purportedly deficient commercial ethic of the habitants and the so-called underlying military character of the colony and get down the business of understanding real people and their possessions in context.

About Author

John Willis is Curator of Economic History at the Canadian Museum of History. A graduate of Universite Laval, with a doctorate in historical geography, Dr. Willis has worked on the history of labour relations, the mail-order catalogue, postal communication, migration and industrialization. His current work focuses on the history of the Canadian-American border. He is editor of the Mercury Series and an adjunct research professor of History at Carleton University.

Contents

Abstract Resume Acknowledgements Introduction John Willis References Part I Introduction Prehistoric Fish Karen Ryan Chapitre 1 Les Francais dans les eaux nord-americaines au xvie siecle : un retour legitime sur le contexte de l'epoque Bernard Allaire Introduction Les Francais a Terre-Neuve au debut du xvie siecle La volonte royale Les facteurs de l'augmentation de la presence francaise Les domaines d'exploitation lucratifs : morues, baleines et pelleteries Conclusion et perspectives futures La recherche transnationale Ouvrages cites Chapter 2 Fisher Men at Work: The Material Culture of the Champ Paya Fishing Room as a Gendered Site Peter E Pope Introduction Excavations at Champ Paya Seasonal Fishing Rooms as Gendered Sites The Material Expression of Gender Far from Home References Chapter 3 Life in a French Atlantic Fishing Village: A Look at the Outports of Ile Royale 1713-1758 Anne Marie Lane Jonah, with Rebecca Dunham Introduction The North Atlantic Fishery Leaving Newfoundland Settling Ile Royale Settling the Outports Habitants-pecheurs and Fishermen A Transatlantic Community/Cross-Cultural Encounters The Impact of War Beneath the Surface References Chapter 4 Bread Ovens and Baking in Nineteenth-Century Breton Fishing Stations of Newfoundland Genevieve Godbout North Atlantic Fisheries The Champ Paya Bread Oven Bread and Baking in Modern Brittany Complexity and Reciprocity Acknowledgements References Chapter 5 The Atlantic Travels of Henri Brunet, a Migrant Merchant in Seventeenth-Century French Newfoundland Amanda Crompton Fishing and Trading in Early Modern French Newfoundland Brunet's Papers Brunet's Business Associates Traveller, Merchant, Mariner People and Places in Newfoundland Conclusion Acknowledgements References Part II Introduction: Tobacco Teeth Janet Young Chapter 6 Smoking Pipes as Signifiers of French Creole Identity Gregory A Waselkov Introduction The Creation of French North American Identities Mi'kmaq-Style Smoking Pipes as Identity Signifiers Southern Distribution of Mi'kmaq-Style Smoking Pipes Louisiane Le Pays des Illinois Reconsidering Mi'kmaq-Style Pipes Acknowledgements References Chapitre 7 Les " batteaux plats " de Nouvelle-France Charles Dagneau Introduction La construction des batteaux plats Une production continue et standardisee L'utilisation des batteaux plats Une embarcation adaptee a son environnement Les batteaux du roi : une realite coloniale nord-americaine Conclusion Ouvrages cites Chapter 8 If These Pots Could Talk: French Stoneware in Eastern Canada, circa 1540-1760 Melanie J Gervais Introduction Methodology Characterization of French Stoneware Technical Aspects, Forms, and Functions French Production Regions The Distribution of French Stoneware in Quebec Provenance Regions in France French Stoneware Outside Quebec Contexts of Use of French Stoneware Fisheries Transatlantic and Colonial Trade Settlement and Religious Institutions Conclusion Acknowledgements References Chapitre 9 Habitants, autorites et delits en Nouvelle-France : les Montrealais et la traite des fourrures Leon Robichaud Introduction Definir la norme locale, 1642-1668 L'ingerence des gouverneurs, 1668-1685 Les defis de la repression, 1685-1703 Conclusion Ouvrages cites Chapter 10 Glimpses from Both Sides of the Palisade: Historic Archaeology at Fort Churchill or New Severn Post (GlIw-1) Jean-Luc Pilon Introduction Locating Fort Churchill or New Severn Post (GlIw-1) GlIw-1-History Ancient History A) A continuously changing landscape B) An ancient human presence C) Washahoe Inninou: the people of the Severn River Recent History A) Initial European references to the Severn River B) The Short Life of Fort Churchill or New Severn Post C) Archaeological investigations at GlIw-1; Fort Churchill or New Severn Post rises from the ashes The Archaeology inside the Palisade--GlIw-1, Feature A Excavation Areas and Collection Context The Collection A) Clasp knife B) Rings C) Coarse earthenware D) Faunal remains Discussion The Archaeology outside the Palisade--Feature B Feature B, Western Area A) Stratigraphy and artifact distribution (see table 101, fig 1012) B) A European feature C) Artifacts--Level IV, all categories Feature B--Eastern Area A) Stratigraphy and artifact distribution (table 102, fig 1019) Discussion From Both Sides of the Palisade Practical Considerations Complicating Factors Comparisons A) Kaolin pipes B) Glass beads C) Firearms and ammunition D) Tinkling cones E) Re-purposed metal knife F) Glass bottles G) Items of Indigenous manufacture inside the palisade Discussion Some Considerations Final Thoughts Acknowledgements References Part III Introduction Petit a petit, une faience revele ses secrets Jean-Francois Lozier Chapitre 11 Phases de developpement de l'art populaire quebecois Jean-Francois Blanchette Preambule Introduction L'art populaire ancre dans la tradition L'art populaire au gout de l'" autre " L'art populaire indiscipline Mimetisme de l'art populaire L'art populaire impopulaire : le graffiti Conclusion Ouvrages cites Chapitre 12 Une typologie des croix de chemin dans le comte de Megantic Vanessa Oliver-Lloyd Le phenomene des croix de chemin au Quebec Identification du corpus et methodologie Corpus Methodologie Typologie des croix de chemin du comte de Megantic Materiau de construction Decoration des pieces constitutives et des extremites Decoration du centre de la croix Decorations fixees sur la traverse Decorations fixees sur le pal La croix de chemin comme manifestation de la culture populaire Les types de croix selon le motif d'erection Les croix de chemin du comte de Megantic 1 La croix votive 2 La croix talismanique 3 La croix commemorative 4 Motifs " autres " Conclusion Ouvrages cites Chapter 13 Layers of Talk and Time: Reconsidering Canadian Communication from New France to 1914 John Willis Introduction New France Lower Canada: Communication in the Nineteenth Century British North America: Overt and Covert Mail The Border The West The Old West Take-Over of the Old West The New West: A New Layer of Civilization Edmonton: Instant City Conclusion References Contributors Index to English Chapters Index des chapitres francais

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780776624570
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 408
  • ID: 9780776624570
  • weight: 782
  • ISBN10: 0776624571

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