In this timely and clearly written text, John Van Oudenaren traces how the original six-member common market evolved into the twenty-five-member European Union (EU) with its growing array of policy responsibilities. Providing an accessible overview of the institutions, laws, and policies of the Union, he chronicles the EU's emergence as a global economic power and its efforts to assert its political presence on the world stage. The author argues that the federalist aspiration to create a 'United States of Europe' has died but that the drive to union persists in other forms. In the coming years, the EU will be challenged by a daunting agenda that includes making a success of the 2004 enlargement, improving the lagging performance of the EU economy, ensuring the continued success of the euro, finalizing a European constitution, and reconciling the desires of the member states to protect elements of their sovereignty with the widespread goal of achieving a more cohesive and effective foreign and security policy. A new chapter deals specifically with the contentious EU-U.S. relationship and the efforts of policymakers on both sides of the Atlantic to build an effective partnership, notwithstanding strains over trade, the Kyoto Protocol, the war in Iraq, and other divisive issues.
John Van Oudenaren is chief of the European Division, Library of Congress, and adjunct professor, BMW Center for German and European Studies, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University.
Chapter 1 Introduction: Peace, Prosperity, and the Challenges of European Integration Chapter 2 Development: From Common Market to Constitution Chapter 3 The Institutions and Laws of the European Union Chapter 4 The Single Market: From Customs Union to 1992 and Beyond Chapter 5 Common Policies: A Mixed Picture Chapter 6 Economic and Monetary Union: The Euro and the Eurosystem Chapter 7 The Citizen's Europe: An Area of Freedom, Security, and Justice Chapter 8 Europe as a Global Actor: Trade and Finance Chapter 9 Europe as a Global Actor: Foreign Policy and Defense Chapter 10 Enlargement Chapter 11 The United States and the EU: Partners or Rivals? Chapter 12 Conclusion: The EU, the Citizen, and Europe's Place in the World